LAHORE - The teachings of Allama Iqbal promote tolerance, peace and stability, said Justice (r) Javed Iqbal during a function held in connection with Iqbal Day here on Monday. He presided over the function organised by Iqbal Academy Pakistan at Aiwan-e-Iqbal. Dr Israr Ahmad, Prof Fateh Mohammad Malik, Iftikhar Arif and Zaid Hamid also spoke on the occasion. Javed Iqbal said youngsters should transform themselves into Iqbals 'mard-e-momin and should strive for self-reliance within resources, emphasising austerity envisioned by Allama Iqbal. He said Allama Iqbal was one of the greatest men of Islam and Pakistan. We must create a society according to the vision of the great poet, who gave the idea of a separate homeland for the Muslims of the Sub-continent where they could practice Islamic values and culture, he urged. He said his poetry affirmed Indian nationalism but time away from India caused him to shift his perspective. He criticised nationalism for two reasons: in Europe it led to destructive racism and imperialism, and in India it was not founded on an adequate degree of common purpose. Javed Iqbal said, In a speech delivered at Aligarh in 1910, under the title Islam as a Social and Political Ideal, Iqbal indicated the new Pan-Islamic direction of his hopes. The recurrent themes of Iqbals poetry are a memory of the vanished glories of Islam, a complaint about its present decadence, and a call to unity and reform. Iqbal said reform can be achieved by strengthening the individual through three successive stages: obedience to the law of Islam, self-control, and acceptance of the idea that everyone is potentially a vicegerent of God (naib, or mumin). Furthermore, the life of action is to be preferred to ascetic resignation, he added. He said his three significant poems, Shikwah, Jawab-e Shikwah, and Khizr-e Rah Iqbal gave intense expression to the anguish of Muslim powerlessness. Khizr, the Quranic prophet who asks the most difficult questions, is pictured bringing from God the baffling problems of the early 20th century, he added. Dr Israr Ahmed said the Muslim community, as Iqbal conceived it, ought effectively to teach and to encourage generous service to the ideals of brotherhood and justice. He said Allama Iqbals philosophical position was articulated in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1934), a volume based on six lectures delivered at Madras, Hyderabad, and Aligarh in 1928-29. Iqbal argued that a rightly focused man should unceasingly generate vitality through interaction with the purposes of the living God. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) had returned from his unitary experience of God to let loose on the earth a new type of manhood and a cultural world characterised by the abolition of priesthood and hereditary kingship and by an emphasis on the study of history and nature. The Muslim community in the present age ought, through the exercise of Ijtihad - the principle of legal advancement - to devise new social and political institutions. He also advocated a theory of ijma - consensus, Dr Israr said, adding Iqbal tended to be progressive in adumbrating general principles of change but conservative in initiating actual change.