LAHORE Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry has said the changed time requires us to redefine our national security not only in terms of defence against the external aggression but also in terms of security of the people of Pakistan ensuring their physical safety and protecting their social, political and economic rights. Addressing a large gathering of Pakistani and foreign lawyers at the first session of the three-day international conference organised by Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan on the subject 'Justice for All and Impunity for None at a local hotel here Friday, the chief justice said, Without political, social and economic wellbeing of the people, existence of a civilised and proud nation is not possible. No amount of defence could keep a nation united without surety to the rights of the people and the former Soviet Union is the living example on this count which could not escape disintegration despite possession more than 20,000 tactical nuclear heads in a ready state. Besides delegates from India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Malaysia, Fiji and UK, hundreds of senior advocates and superior court judges witnessed the first day proceedings of the conference. SCBA President Ms Asma Jahangir, SCBA India President Pravin H Parekh, JC Weliamuna of Sri Lanka and Secretary SCBA Qamar Zaman Qureshi also spoke to the gathering. Speaking on the subject 'Peoples security and the rule of law, the chief justice said it is very important that the peoples security should be broadly envisioned and alongside the defence imperatives, other factors directly affecting rights of the citizens should also be accounted for which rest on adhering to the principles of supremacy of the constitution and the rule of law. He said supremacy of the Constitution and the rule of law are the keystones of all requisites of democratic governance which goes to ensure a sustainable economic and social development in the society. A society respecting and implementing constitutional norms generally and rule of law particularly ensures protection of human rights, free and fair political system, public confidence in the law enforcement agencies and the court and the strengthened socio-economic setup, the CJP said counting equal protection of law, procedural fairness, safeguard of civil liberties and fundamental rights and access to justice as some of the traits of a civilized and egalitarian society which hinges upon the rule of law. The CJP said that the Supreme Court of Pakistan being cognisant of its role and duty as assigned by the Constitution, has always come to the aid of the suppressed segments of society. Suo moto action taken by the Supreme Court in the missing persons case has resulted in the recovery of many disappeared persons. However, the CJ said, unfortunately the government still has not done any proper legislation to the effect of preventing disappearances of the persons. Every day the number of enforced disappearances is increasing, particularly in Balochistan, and there are allegations of extra-judicial killings and mutilation of bodies as well. Religious intolerance, sectarian tension and riots between various religious and ethnic groups are rising day by day, the Chief Justice noted with serious concern. The Chief Justice of Pakistan said it was the duty of the state under the Constitution to establish peace and security for its people and to rebuild justice institutions for the development of economic growth and public confidence. The Constitution is very clear that the state will guarantee fundamental rights including equality of status and opportunity, equality before the law, social, economic and political justice and freedom of thought, expression and belief, faith, worship and association, subject to law and public morality. Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry said the rule of law checks the unbridled exercise of powers by the state institutions. He said its the prime duty of the government to take proper legislative measures for the enforcement of human and fundamental rights in order to bring peace and social tranquility. Judiciary, he said, no doubt is the ultimate protector of the rights of the citizens, yet it is work of the legislature to repeal outdated laws and formulate proper legislation to cope with the problems of human right abuses. An independent judiciary plays the role to protect rights of the people. Protection of human rights and civil liberties as recognised in the Constitution, is not possible without respect to the rule of law. And the role of judiciary is not that of the Opposition to other two organs of the state in that way. He said that democracy was essential for establishing the writ of law. He said the Judiciary has to work in collaboration and cooperation with other organs to sort out the ways in which the human rights and civil liberties could be best protected.