WASHINGTON  - Freshly leaked documents by former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden have revealed spies disguised as fantasy characters prowled online games hunting terrorists.

Elves, orcs or other fictional characters happened upon by players in the popular realm of World of Warcraft may have been US and British spies, according to documents released through ProPublica, the Guardian, and the New York Times.

There were also indications that intelligence agents went undercover in online multi-player shooter games, particularly on Microsoft’s Xbox Live Internet community for players.

“GVEs (games and virtual environments) are an opportunity!” concluded ‘top secret’ National Security Agency documents dating back about five years.

“We know that terrorists use many feature rich Internet communications media for operational purposes, such as email, VoIP, chat, proxies and web forums, and it is highly likely they will be making use of the many communications features offered by games and virtual environments.”

The report depicted online game worlds as private meeting places that could be used by groups for planning and training.

Examples used to back the reasoning included an “America’s Army” shooter game made by the US military and given away as a free download at its recruiting website.

“The game is so good at identifying candidates that it is now used for training,” the document said.

It went on to tell of Hezbollah creating a shooter game for recruitment and training, with the ultimate goal of play being to be a suicide martyr.

Meanwhile, more than 500 authors, including J. M. Coetzee and Gunter Grass, have signed a petition to the United Nations published Tuesday which claims mass state surveillance is violating basic freedoms.

The signatories called for a new international bill of digital rights to curb what they claimed was the abuse of democracy through widespread Internet snooping.

The letter comes the day after eight leading US-based technology companies called on Washington to overhaul its surveillance laws following the recent revelations of online eavesdropping from fugitive US intelligence leaker Edward Snowden.

The Writers Against Mass Surveillance petition, signed by 562 authors from more than 80 countries, was published in around 30 newspapers worldwide, including The Guardian in Britain.

The signatories were led by five winners of the Nobel Prize in Literature: South African writer Coetzee, German novelist Grass, Austrian playwright Elfriede Jelinek, Swedish poet Tomas Transtroemer and Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk.

It was also signed by Booker Prize winners Margaret Atwood, Julian Barnes, John Berger, Roddy Doyle, Kazuo Ishiguro, Thomas Keneally, Yann Martel, Ian McEwan, Michael Ondaatje and Arundhati Roy.

Others included Peter Hoeg, Colm Toibin, Martin Amis, Lionel Shriver, Louis de Bernieres and Irvine Welsh.

“In recent months, the extent of mass surveillance has become common knowledge,” it began. “With a few clicks of the mouse the state can access your mobile device, your email, your social networking and Internet searches.

“It can follow your political leanings and activities and, in partnership with Internet corporations, it collects and stores your data.

“The basic pillar of democracy is the inviolable integrity of the individual... all humans have the right to remain unobserved and unmolested.

“This fundamental human right has been rendered null and void through abuse of technological developments by states and corporations for mass surveillance purposes.

“A person under surveillance is no longer free; a society under surveillance is no longer a democracy. To maintain any validity, our democratic rights must apply in virtual as in real space.”

The writers said mass surveillance treated all citizens as potential suspects. “Surveillance is theft. This data is not public property: it belongs to us,” they said.

They demanded the right for people to determine how their data can be collected and stored, to know how it is being used and demand its deletion if illegally harvested. “We call on all states and corporations to respect these rights.

“We call on the United Nations to acknowledge the central importance of protecting civil rights in the digital age, and to create an international bill of digital rights. “We call on governments to sign and adhere to such a convention.”