LAHORE - The Military rule with a civilian facade can never become a substitute for genuine democracy, and in reality, there is no justification for the military takeovers. Moreover, an independent commission should be constituted for probing the Kargil fiasco, and a study should be carried out how the military has gradually encroached the civilian pitch. And because of the dominant role of the military in politics, it has led to the chronic fragmentation and weakening of political institutions and parties, which are the main pillars of a viable democratic system. Speakers observed this, while addressing book-launching ceremony of 'Between Dreams and Realities - Some Milestones in Pakistans History by former Foreign Minister Sartaj Aziz here at a local hotel on Tuesday. Sartaj Aziz observed that writing the book was not a matter of choice but of compulsion, as he wanted to share his conviction the idea of Pakistan was not only valid but would never die. While sharing his optimism, he averred that Pakistan could survive as a dynamic and viable political entity only through a genuine democratic framework. Secondly, a self-sustaining democratic framework can only be built on strong institutions and the rule of law, under civilian supremacy. Thirdly, a democratic parliamentary federal system can survive only if Parliament, Judiciary and the Executive function within the parameters laid down in the Constitution, he added, while lastly pointing out that the vitality of a nation came from its shared values, cultural heritage and social energy. About his book, he opined, regarding the causes of failure of democracy, the book explores certain violations of democratic principles which in turn generated major fault-lines in the countrys political structure. He said there was actually no justification for any of the four military takeovers in 1958, 1969, 1977 and 1999. The causes of failure of democracy in Pakistan are complex and range from colonial legacies to strategic factors that shaped the early history of Pakistan. But one of the most important factors has been the dominant role of the military in politics, which led to the chronic fragmentation and weakening of political institutions and parties, he said. About the Kargil crisis, the writer said he had presented an authentic account of the unfortunate episode. It provides conclusive evidence that the military leadership had not actually consulted the Prime Minister and the Foreign Office before launching such a disastrous misadventure, he said. While talking about Epilogue Dreams Never Die, the writer observed that Pakistan could become a stable and progressive nation, built a strong economy for all, effectively counter extremism and introduce basic reforms to eliminate inequalities, exploitation and poverty. Former Governor Punjab Shahid Hamid, while appreciating the writer for doing an 'unblemished public service by writing an honest account of Pakistan political history, said writers dream was the Preamble of the Constitution - sovereignty of Allah, federation with autonomous provinces and equal rights for all - while reality was in the distant future. While giving a rundown of various political events, he observed that military takeovers were unfortunate part of Pakistans history. About Article 58 2(b) of the Constitution, Shahid Hamid opined that it was not empowering the president, rather it was power of the Chief of Army Staff because the president cannot exercise it sans COASs prior nod. He suggested that an independent enquiry commission should be constituted to probe the Kargil crisis. It is important to understand who knew what, when and what he did at that particular juncture, he said, while adding that an ultimatum from the superpower made us withdraw from Kargil. Defence analyst Lt.-Gen (r) Talat Masood observed that Pakistan was suffering because of the collapse of the Middle East, former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the British Empire. While asserting that the book demanded deep thinking about various issues, he gave a detailed analysis of the National Security Council, and opined that it was actually trying to be above the parliament. He supported the writers idea that the NSC should be revamped conceptually. About the Kargil war, Talat Masood said the writer had exposed the bankruptcy of thinking behind the war because of which the Kashmir cause and policy suffered. Moreover, Pakistan, as a nuclear power, was deemed as an irresponsible state after it had acted as an aggressor, he said, while adding that decisions should be institutionalised, and individuals must not bulldoze institutions. He mentioned that the book elaborated that Pakistans future rested in democracy, correct political decisions and by comprehensively reviewing the security imperatives. Editor The Nation Arif Nizami, while tracing his association with the author, said Sartaj Aziz had honestly and objectively analysed Pakistans history. The writer is candid about Nawaz Sharif as well, when he says that the leader is impulsive by nature, said Arif Nizami. He was of the considered opinion that main political parties, that is, the PPP and PML-N, performed worse in their second stints than their first ones in the government. Arif Nizami observed that the Kargil war was a study in military-civil relationship. The military has gradually encroached into the civilian territory, like India, Afghanistan, and foreign policy. These are either being run or remotely controlled by the military. The foreign office is a helpless spectator to say the least, he added, while pointing out that India had already investigated the Kargil war and found out that it was an intelligence failure. We have not gone into the bottom of the issue, and probe must be done, which should be made public unlike the Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission, he said. He said Nawaz Sharif made a bigger blunder by not sacking General (r) Pervez Musharraf earlier. Musharrafs was the darkest era in our history. He was reckless, unimaginative, visionless and a naive general, who took Pakistan to the verge of disaster, he observed. To him, consensus among the political parties was also breaking down, as it was more superficial than real. Columnist Khalid Ahmed pointed out that Sartaj Aziz had observed that by removing Jehangir Karamat, Nawaz Sharif had committed a blunder. He talked about the policy mismatch, hubris of heavy mandate and Nawaz Sharifs relation with the army. In her opening speech, Managing Director Oxford University Press Ameena Saiyid said the contents of the book were important links in Pakistans political history.