Islamabad-A new study suggested that positive effects of choosing good fats can eradicate stress.

Prof Kiecolt-Glaser and colleagues were aware that diet and stress can change inflammation in the body, which is linked to heart disease, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis.

However, they wanted to examine the interaction between stress, diet, and inflammatory markers that they could measure in the bloodstream.

Additionally, the researchers asked the women about their previous day’s experiences, using a Daily Inventory of Stressful Events questionnaire to conclude whether or not the woman was stressed.

The team discounted minor irritants, but they noted stressful situations - such as cleaning up paint a child had spilled on the floor or helping a parent with dementia who resisted help Prof Kiecolt-Glaser notes that they are not life-shattering events, but they are relatively stressful.   The researchers also evaluated two markers that predict a higher likelihood of plaque building up in the arteries.

The results showed that women who ate the saturated fat meal had higher readings in all four negative markers, compared with the women who ate the sunflower oil meal.

However, in the women who had stressful days, this difference vanished, and as such, eating a breakfast with bad fat was the same as eating one with good fat.

Interestingly, while stress raised levels of the harmful blood markers in the sunflower oil group, stress did not affect the readings for the women who ate saturated fat.

The researchers specifically chose the meal they used for the study because it mimicked a typical high-calorie, high-fat, fast-food meal.

Study co-author Martha Belury explains that they know a less-healthy meal is going to have adverse effects on markers of inflammation, but we wanted to look at this type of meal with different types of fat.

She notes that research is increasingly pointing to reduced inflammation as a major benefit of eating healthier foods - including following the Mediterranean diet, which is higher in oleic acid from olive oil.

The investigators add that because inflammation contributes to disease over time, when stressed, we should still be careful about what we eat. They conclude, “These data show how recent stressors and a [major depressive disorder] history can reverberate through metabolic alterations, promoting inflammatory and atherogenic responses.”

 This study further sends the message that moderation is key; making consistently healthy choices may help mitigate the effects of stress over time. Meanwhile another research suggests that getting the right amount of sleep is crucial to a person’s ability to function properly and sleeping too little or too much has many health consequences.

Previous research linking poor sleep to diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease has been mostly observational, which establishes a connection, without proving that sleep problems cause these conditions. More research is needed to provide better causal evidence, says St-Onge.

Additionally, St-Onge states that healthcare providers should ask patients about how long they sleep, how well they sleep, and if they snore, to help determine if they are at an increased risk of heart disease.

Marie-Pierre St-Onge, said, “Patients need to be aware that adequate sleep is important, just as being physically active and eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meat and fish are important for cardiovascular health. Sleep is another type of ammunition that we can tailor to improve health.”

People can be assisted with decreasing heart disease-related risk factors with intervention. Individuals who are overweight, or who are obese and snore, should be referred to a sleep specialist to analyze for sleep apnoea. Likewise, people who experience inadequate sleep or insomnia should receive follow-up evaluations, St-Onge concludes.

Risk factors that are associated with both sleep irregularities and heart disease include obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and atherosclerosis, arrhythmias, high blood pressure, stroke, and unhealthy levels of triglycerides and cholesterol.

While the reasons behind why not getting enough sleep is detrimental to heart health are unclear, scientists indicate that less sleep causes disruptions to underlying health conditions and biological processes such as glucose metabolism, blood pressure, and inflammation.