LAHORE The participants of a discussion stressed upon the need to construct Kalabagh dam to avoid water shortage and floods. They were of the view that India was diverting our water resources just because we had not proper capacity to conserve it. The discussion titled 'Inter-Provincial Water Disputes in Pakistan was organised by Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development and Transparency (PILDAT) at a local hotel here on Friday. On the occasion, Former chairman Wapda Shamsul Mulk, Chairman Indus River System Authority (IRSA) Rao Irshad Ali Khan, member IRSA from Balochistan Muhammad Ameen, PILDAT executive director Ahmed Bilal Mehboob and chairman standing committee for irrigation and power Malik Muhammad Abbas Ran shared their views. Shams said Sindh would be the most beneficiary of Kalabagh Dam but it was opposing the project. He said the people who were opposing the dam, were working on the agenda of enemies of Pakistan. He further said the country had beard loss of billions in result of devastating floods last year just because we had no proper capacity of storage of water. While presenting Sindhs point of view on the issue on behalf of member IRSA from Sindh Muhammad Idrees Rajput, Ahmed Bilal Mehboob said sharing should be done as per ten daily allocations as approved by the Council of Common Interest and the shortages should be shared by all provinces. He further said exemptions to provinces in sharing shortages should be stopped and operating rules of Link Canals should be made with discussion and consensus. He suggested that filling and operating rules of Mangla Dam should be made with discussion and consensus and water should be released every year for downstream Kotri needs. Rao Irshad said the solution of all disputes on water was the construction of Kalabagh Dam. He said Punjab was already sacrificing but some forces wanted more which was impossible. He further said Punjab had not suggested Kalabagh Dam but it was recommended by Wapda. There was not any other way to counter the issue of power generation and to avoid floods but construction of Kalabgh dam, he added. Ameen said Balochistan had not yet developed its irrigation infrastructure to utilise its full share allocated under Water Accord 1991 and the unutilised water was being used by the two Punjab and Sindh. He said in 2000, IRSA unanimously decided to exempt Balochistan from sharing shortages, which was being followed, but Sindh had reservations arguing that it was violation of the Accord. Despite exemption, Balochistan is facing a perpetual seasonal shortfall ranging from 15 to 20 percent and in critical early Kharif season, the shortages are as high as 65 percent, he said. He said Balochistan had serious reservation on the method of calculating the water availability for each cropping season. Balochistan had always accepted the decisions of the experts but Sindh always objected on one excuse or other.