TOKYO (AFP) - The monster 8.9-magnitude earthquake which hit Japan on Friday was the countrys biggest ever and the seventh largest on record, according to US Geological Survey data. Here are the largest magnitude earthquakes in history, according to the USGS website: 9.5, Chile, May 5, 1960. A quake off the coast of southern Chile killed more than 1,600 people and left 2,000,000 homeless. 9.2, Alaska, United States, March 27, 1964. A quake and tsunami killed 128 people and caused severe damage to the states largest city Anchorage. 9.1, Indonesia, December 26, 2004. An undersea quake caused a massive tsunami that devastated coastlines in countries around the Indian Ocean, ultimately killing more than 220,000 people. 9.0, Russia, November 4, 1952. A quake off the coast of the remote Kamchatka peninsula in Russias far east caused Pacific-wide tsunamis. 9.0, Peru, August 13, 1868. The port of Arica, which is now part of Chile, was hit by a quake felt up to 1,400 kilometres (870 miles) away. 9.0, North America, January 26, 1700. A quake affecting 1,000 kilometres of coastline set off a tsunami that crossed the Pacific Ocean and caused damage to coastal villages in Japan. 8.9, Japan. An undersea quake off northeast Japan unleashed a 10-metre-high tsunami which left devastation in its wake. 8.8, Chilean coast, February 27, 2010. An offshore quake and tsunami killed more than 500 people, most in the coastal area of Maule, 400 kilometres (250 miles) south-west of the capital Santiago. 8.8, Ecuador, January 31, 1906. A quake struck off the coast of Ecuador and Colombia and was felt as far away as San Francisco. 8.7, Alaska, February 4, 1965. A quake in the remote Rat Islands generated a tsunami reported to be 10 metres high.