General Agha Muhammed Yayha Khan imposed the second Martial Law and assumed all powers as Chief Martial Law Administrator (CMLA) and president in March 1969. His job was to re-assert the authority of the establishment and corner the politicians. As an officer Yayha Khan had a good career but as he moved up the ranks he got involved with alcohol and females. Yayha Khan enjoyed life to the fullest as for him personal pleasures came before his national duties. In 1970 he held national elections on the basis of one man one vote discarding Ayub Khan's system of Basic Democracy (BD). Despite warnings of impending Awami League's 'six point agenda' he relied on controlling Mujibur Rehman after the elections. In West Pakistan the tilt was in favour of the Muslim League (Qayyum). Maulana Bhashani's National Awami Party (NAP) was deliberately sidelined as such he decided to boycott the elections in East Pakistan. The balloting was relatively fair, the results totally unexpected. Awami League captured all seats in East Pakistan. Only Nurul Amin and Raja Tredev Rai were the exceptions. In West Pakistan, Pakistan People's Party (PPP) under the leadership of Zulifkar Ali Bhutto (ZAB) emerged as a major political force. Both parties won on an anti-establishment platform. After his massive mandate Mujib became more rigid. ZAB negotiated for a settlement, the autonomy issue could not be resolved, he asked for more time. The general wanted to split and discredit the politicians. A lot has been written on the break-up of Quaid's Pakistan. The events were larger than the leadership at the helm. The house was badly divided with no one in command. The Rangila Sardar indulged in his vices while other generals called the shots, some sided with Mujib while others favoured ZAB. The politicians defended their interests after years of struggle against tyranny. As always the khakis decided to use the gun. The governor of East Pakistan S M Ahsan and Officer Commanding Sahibzada Yakub Ali Khan opposed military action and pleaded for a political settlement. Sanity could not prevail both were removed and disgraced. Initially Lt General Tikka Khan was sent followed by Tiger Niazi to contain the uprising against Islamabad and its establishment. After the fall of Dacca and the largest surrender in history the general appeared on television asking his people to fight-on. What remained of Pakistan was also put at stake. ZAB was in New York at the United Nations General Assembly. The country was defeated and left leaderless/directionless. Finally there was a revolt by the Air Chief Rahim Khan together with some sane general led by Gul Hassan. The general was forced to hand over power to ZAB the elected leader. Bhutto flew back from New York to take oath as president. Yayha was placed under house arrest in Abbottabad where he perished a few years later. Later a commission under Chief Justice Hamoodur Rehman was initiated to review the East Pakistan debacle. The dismemberment of Pakistan under Yayha Khan's rule was a major debacle. As head of the state he should have been tried for treason and gross negligence of duties as the country's chief executive. The politicians played their role as well but it was the man at the helm who has to carry the burden of leadership. The mental and physical state that Yayha Khan was in, he should not have been promoted to the rank of C-in-C. The very framework under which shaky individuals like Yayha, Zia and Musharraf got promoted needs to be re-evaluated. The people of East Pakistan had played a pivotal role in the Pakistan movement. But Ayub and Yayha's madness forced them to revolt against the Establishment Rule. The Supreme Court decision in the famous Asma Jehangir case should be fully implemented. Properties and assets of the two dictators should be confiscated. Their off springs should not be allowed to savoir the bounties of their misadventures at the cost of the nation, its sovereignty and vital institutions. Establishment debacles have continued mainly because of the lack of accountability of the usurpers and tyrants. The writer is ex-chairman of the Pakistan Science Foundation