In the wake of India’s strengthening its defence forces, it is imperative for Pakistan to upgrade its own capabilities to effectively guard and defend its frontiers. New Delhi has recently signed a deal with Moscow worth 2.9 billion US dollars that would enable India to buy 42 Sukhoi SU-30 fighter jets ($1.6 billion) and lots of deadly gunship helicopters. Pakistan, on the other hand, whose economy is in a shambles, had to rely on its indigenous resources. Against this backdrop, Pakistan embarked on a ballistic missile exercise for the current year with a successful test firing of a short-range surface-to-surface Hatf-IX missile. Defence analysts have termed this effort as very significant and well-timed to send a strong message across the border that Islamabad is not unaware of Indian attempts aimed at disturbing the balance of power in the south Asian region. What is painful is the fact that the United States is not only watching these developments as a silent spectator but is also helping India in matters like the civil nuclear accord. At the same time, New Delhi is applying all tactics to convince its new-found allies in the West that India needs more weapons. Pakistan’s civil and military leadership must remain aware of the fast changing situation and explore all its option to equip its forces.