ISLAMABAD - The scientists, officials, and ministers of Science and Technology of OIC member countries, while rejecting the proposals for international grants, pledged on Wednesday to initiate multilateral joint research programmes on cutting edge technologies. Eminent scientists, policy makers and ministers from 26 countries, who have gathered here to attend the 14th meeting of OIC Ministerial Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH) committed to start joint research programmes with their own funding. During the second day of the meeting, they refused to accept proposals presented by the Obama Administration to the OIC countries in Cairo one-and-a-half years ago. It was decided that the programmes would be initiated in cutting edge technologies like robotics, nano-technology, renewable energy, bio-technology and other areas from their own funding. "For how long we will have to wait for the American funding to spend on science and technology," said one of the representatives. The Rapporteur General of COMSTECH and Minister for Communications and IT of Azerbaijan Prof. Dr Ali Abbasov said that they don't need to wait for the Obama Administration and international community to donate them for spending on science and technology and need to create a political will among their governments to allocate more funding. One of the officials said that letters have been written to the OIC member countries to approach Islamic Development Bank for taking loans to build infrastructure for science and technology but unfortunately only few countries have approached the bank. They were of the view that the Comstech should come up with the result-oriented programmes and applied nature research so that the countries can fund such programmes. In the USA 60 per cent of the funding goes to the development oriented research and 40 per cent for the research for discoveries so the Muslims countries need to fund for the research that initiates development. The delegates pointed out that the scientists of the Muslim countries and Comstech should not leave alone the countries in crises or underdeveloped like Afghanistan and the scientists should be given incentives to initiate research and development programmes there instead of working in developed countries and USA. It was decided by the participants that Comstech would deal with the policies of science and technologies in OIC countries while the newly established Science, Technology and Innovation Organisation would work for the implementation of the programmes. Presentations were also made by the participants on the education and science and technology sectors of their respective countries. Prof. Abbas Taeb, Deputy Minister and President of Iranian Research Organisation for Science and Technology, gave presentation on the status of higher education in Iran. He said in nano-technology Iran was ranked at15 amongst the world in 2009. Total 2241 universities have been established in the country and about 3,790,859 students are enrolled in different degree programmes, which amount to 100 per cent. He said all the PhD academic disciplines and courses are defined and organised in the country without any external help and support. The growth rate of Iranian articles in ISI Journals has been 493 per cent in 2009. And percentage of registered inventions in Iran has been 2378 in 2004 to 2008 and total 20000 inventions were registered between these years. Dr. Rawya Saud Al Busaidi, Minister of Higher Education of Oman, said research centres focus on key strategic areas in Oman such as water, oil and gas, environment, biotechnology and information and communication. Research chairs have also been established in important areas like marine biotechnology, carbonate geo-sciences, and applications of nano-technology in water desalination. Prof. M.A. Adli from Turkey said the number of scientific publication has exceeded 25000 putting Turkey in 17 place in the world. Previously most of the collaboration in science and technology was mainly with the USA in the past but now joint research projects have been initiated with OIC member countries as well.