ISLAMABAD- Various industries and vehicles in and around the municipal limits of the federal Capital give off 12000 tons particulate matter per annum, said Muneer Ahmad, Chairman Development Communications Network (DEVCOM) in an interview with TheNation. Senior communication expert, who has been working on environment related issues for more than two decades, said four cement plants in Chakwal were sending off 11000 tons particulate matter into the atmosphere while 90,000 vehicles, which pass through Islamabad via Kashmir Highway, emitted 337 tons particulate matter per annum. The dust produced yearly by 90 bricks kilns in Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) and 8 steel furnaces in I-9, I-10 industrial sectors was also rounding to more than 600 tons, he maintained. Muneer said the situation was getting worst with the passage of time, which required serious attention of the government, NGOs, media, industrialists and all other stakeholders including the masses. The brick kilns were giving off black soot and poly-aromatic hydrocarbons, which were not only responsible for soil degradation and decreased air quality but were also hazardous for aircraft's navigation, DEVCOM Chairman said. Government has done a lot on the policy formulation front, but the implementation side remained week as forever, he said, adding that the government and non-government organisations were spending billions of rupees on combating environmental challenges, but nothing was visible on the ground as huge sums of the funds were being utilized under the consultancy, mobility and the like heads. In response to a question, Muneer said that Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Pak-EPA) was powerless and called for its independence and stronger support of the government. In addition, he said, besides lack of interest on the part of government regarding the protection of environment, Pak-EPA was also deficient of the required technical expertise for carrying out EIAs and their implementation. He said under the Environmental Protection Act, 1997, it was mandatory for all the projects executed in the country to submit Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study report to Pak-EPA and obtain NOC from the same. But practically, he wailed, no EIA was carried out and no NOC was obtained for any project including those executed in the federal Capital except a few. The communicationist-turned-environmentalist also criticised the Capital Development Authority (CDA) for disposing off solid wastes improperly. He said 6-7 hundreds tons of solid wastes produced yearly was either dumped in open sites or burnt, which was adding to the already miserable conditions of the city's environment. He said Islamabad had no standard sewerage systems and the 26 natural streams served the purpose. He said these streams were serving as good breeding places for mosquitoes as they were flushed out only after the rainfall naturally. Muneer drew a very bleak picture of the future if the climate change went unchecked. He said our irresponsible behaviour towards our environment was creating a spiral of problems; the increased deforestation resulted in increased temperatures, which resulted in increased use of air-conditioners and refrigerators. All the same consumed chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which resulted in damage to the Ozone layer. Consequently, temperatures of the atmosphere increased to a level, which melted the glaciers and result in flash floods, droughts and increased sea level.