LAHORE - Like other countries, Pakistan is set to switch from trivalent Oral Polio Vaccine (tOPV) to bivalent OPV (bOPV) in routine immunization, polio campaigns and certification centers on April 25.

After that no one will be vaccinated with tOPV and all existing stock in the country will be destroyed. The IPV will be used along with bOPV to improve immunity against polio.

The step has been taken to avoid risk of vaccine driven outbreak of serotype2 polio virus.

Wild poliovirus serotype2 was eliminated globally in 1999 but was still used as vaccine in routine immunization and Supplementary Immunization Activities (SIAs).

As per the experts, type2 component in the tOPV was not only responsible for over 90 per cent of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) and 40 per cent of vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP) but also conferring with immune response to wild poliovirus serotype1 and 2.

IT role governance: The Information and Communication Technology played a key role for improving the governance in Punjab that scored top position in Pakistan along with KP during the year 2014-2015, said Dr Umar Saif, Chairman Punjab IT Board, yesterday.

Commenting on the recent scorecard analysis released by the Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development and Transparency (PILDAT), Dr Saif said: “Smart technology is becoming an effective tool for e-governance that enhances efficiency, transparency and quality of public service delivery. We are not competing but actually helping all other provinces.

“For example the survey observes about 89% decline in Polio cases that equally owes to Punjab’s e-Vaccs program also being replicated by the KP now.

“The 92 % computerization of land record in Punjab indicates a visible move towards end of Patwari culture. Punjab has launched its e-Procurement program and its score for clean, efficient and economic public procurement becomes 84.8% as compared to the second one Balochistan with 60.4% score.”

He added: “The PILDAT survey declares 73% increase in technology use for governance that stands 72.8% for Sindh, 63.8% for KP and 58.4% for Balochistan.”

The PITB head said that the board had been working on almost 236 projects all aiming at bringing improvement in Punjab’s government businesses and public service delivery. Some of the flagship projects were replicated abroad while the PITB and IT University Lahore had won appreciation from global development organizations like the World Bank, Department for International Development (DFID) UK and the USA ambassador, he added.

Dr Saif hoped that the governance would be further improved in Punjab during upcoming years due to the effective and increased use of smart and modern technology.