ISLAMABAD - The administration of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) even after passage of over six months has failed in installing the state-of-the-art Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) machine worth Rs15 million for performing hepatitis test (qualitative and quantitative). Earlier on the special directives of Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani PIMS was allocated the hefty amount for purchase of PCR and despite passage of over six months the issue remained pending. Now the PIMS administration has decided that instead of getting another PCR machine it should utilise the already available PCR meant for HIV and AIDS patients as after getting hepatitis test kit the machine can be utilised for conducting hepatitis qualitative and quantities tests. The special machine on which the particular test could be performed is called Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and it was expected that after installing the said equipment, PIMS was on its way to become the first public sector hospital to offer this test facility. But neither PIMS nor Federal Government Services Hospital (FGSH) has this facility. Whereas after the announcement, it was anticipated that the test facility would be made available to the patients within one month and it would be free of cost as well for the federal government employees and deserving patients. According to a rough estimate around 10 million people in Pakistan have hepatitis infection and the current estimated prevalence of Hepatitis B and C is 3-4 percent (7.5 million infections). The cost of the test facility in private labs is too high as the price of qualitative test is Rs4,000 and quantitative test costs around Rs10,000. The modern PCR machine was supposed to be installed in the PIMS Pathology Department. The two forms of PCR tests known as qualitative and quantitative are prerequisite test to diagnosis and treat hepatitis B and C. In the absence of this particular test facility, patients were referred to Nuclear Medicine, Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute (NORI) and other private labs whereas the deserving patients cases are referred to Pakistan Bait-ul-Maal for financial grant, which always take time.