The second week of July has almost passed but there are still no signs of rainfall in Thar. In addition, the Pakistan Meteorology Department had previously predicted non-uniform rainfalls in different parts of the country. Less rainfall is expected in southern parts of the country including the provinces of Sindh and Baluchistan. The monsoon rains have already started in the northern parts of the country. On the other hand, Thar is still in the grip of strong monsoon winds, which probably indicates delayed and scanty rainfall in this arid zone. Only occasional or mild rainfall is not sufficient to provide livelihood for both humans and livestock in Thar. Continued and regular rainfall at suitable intervals for at least 3 months is needed for full impact on the cultivation of the lands, and production of sufficient grass to sustain the livestock for the year. The concerned authorities of Sindh and Federal Governments need to wake up and take action. They cannot claim that they had no idea of what was happening when people started dying. We have had enough deaths.

PROF. DR. MUHAMMED MUBARAK,

Karachi, July 13.