THE US House of Representatives did the right thing by dropping an explicit demand for access to Dr A Q Khan and another for preventing terrorist attacks against India as conditions in a legislation that triples American aid to Pakistan. It is perceived as a major concession from a House that has placed other severe conditions in the aid to Pakistan Act. Pakistan had strongly protested at the two conditions when they appeared in the media in April this year, saying it felt 'humiliated' by the language of the bill implicating the country in nuclear proliferation and crossborder terrorism. The Obama Administration backed Islamabad on the issue and eventually succeeded in removing the conditions. It must have come as a shock to the pro-Indian lawmakers who tried hard to revive the conditions when the House finally approved the legislation on Thursday. But that also was not a complete success for Pakistan. It might be termed less humiliating as the Foreign Relations Committee that reworked the language of the bill only omitted the words 'Dr Khan' and 'India' from the previous draft. That means Pakistan can still be held accountable on these two specific demands as indicated from the Act, requiring Islamabad to cease support, including by any elements within the military or its intelligence agencies to extremists and to prevent crossborder attacks into neighbouring countries. Islamabad had rightly pointed out that the clause requiring it to improve relations with New Delhi as a precondition for the American security assistance amounted to micromanaging the foreign policy of a sovereign country. But strong words would mean nothing if they are not matched by action. Pakistan has already suffered immensely by blindly following US dictates over the past nine years. The Obama Administration needs to understand that peace in South Asia would remain elusive until India sheds its hegemonic designs and gives a reasonable timeframe for resolving the Kashmir dispute.