KARACHI - Health experts on Monday expressed concern over the increasing number of diabetes patients in Pakistan and entire world as around 415 million people suffering with diabetes worldwide.

Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT) observed the World Diabetes Day, when a large number of people thronged the institute to avail the screening facilities and obtain guidance about the management of Diabetes as an ailment. The medical experts gave a detailed presentation about the prevalence of diabetes in Pakistan as well as at the global level.

Experts disclosed that diabetes is rising globally. Quoting the figures of International Diabetes Federation, they said currently there are 415 million people suffering with diabetes worldwide, this constitutes to 10.7 percent of the adult population while this figure is expected to rise to 642 million, or 11.1 percent by 2040 if no interventions are made. Of these, 14.4 million are undiagnosed.

Discussing the presence of ailment in Pakistan they said the country is also facing a grim future. There are currently 10 million diabetics in Pakistan and if measures are not taken to redress the situation, the figure is projected to rise to approximately 14.4 million by 2040. The medical specialists said women in the country are at a greater disadvantage position. They said there are a very small percentage of educated and economically independent women, making them susceptible to disadvantages especially to health care.

Pointing out the contributing factors they said consanguineous marriages multiply diseases, more so diabetes. The world figures show over 199 million women living with diabetes. This total is projected to increase to 313 million by 2040. Two out of every five women with diabetes are of reproductive age, accounting for over 60 million women worldwide. Women with type 2 diabetes are almost 10 times more likely to have coronary heart disease than women without the condition. Women with type 1 diabetes have an increased risk of early miscarriage or having a baby with malformations. Keeping all these facts in view, this year 2017 has been projected in the World Diabetes Day as a year for women.The Theme of the day is, “Women and Diabetes, Our right to a healthy future”. Stressing the need of educating the public at large about the preventive measures, they said, was the objective to observe the day.

During a long proceeding which included question answer session between visitors and medical experts, lectures were also delivered on different aspects of the disorder including the intake of a healthy diet followed by exercise and foot care.

On the other side, expressing concern over the fastest growing rate of diabetes in Pakistan, Professor Dr Saeed  Quraishy  Vice Chancellor of Dow University of Health Science (DUHS), said that the current rate of diabetes is more than twenty-six percent that will be increased to 40 percent in the next few years, we do not change our lifestyles, so It will go up to that percentage, he  was speaking at the seminar on world Diabetes  day at National Institute of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Ojha  campus of DUHS.  Earlier, an awareness walk also conducted from main OPD to NIDE led by Pro Vice Chancellor Prof Masroor Khan, Prof Saeed Quraishy said diabetes is a lifestyle disease and it is spreading like wildfire in Pakistan due to sedentary lifestyle, poor eating habits and obesity. Daily exercise in form of brisk walk for at least 30 minutes can prevent and manage diabetes and many other diseases including hypertension and heart ailments.

“The theme of World Diabetes Day 2017 is Women and Diabetes and it is because there are around 199 million known women having this disease but this number is likely to grow and in 2040, International Diabetes Federation estimates that there would be 313 million women in the world having disease” he said.

 Prof Quraishy said there is a serious lack of awareness about diabetes in Pakistan although this deadly condition can be avoided, or at least delayed by promoting education and awareness among masses,

Especially women should be made aware of the reasons that cause diabetes so that they could not only prevent themselves but also their families. Speaking earlier, Dr Muhammad Shahid, associate Professor, said that insulin is very important in the treatment of diabetes. It is told about starting early onset of the disease’s complications so that during pregnancy. It is also encouraged to use insulin to keep both the mother and the child healthy. Assistant Professor, Dr Umar Khan, said that diabetes, the human body, produces the cause of an error in the production and supply of insulin. The major reason for this is a non-balanced lifestyle. It is possible to preserve diabetes only and just by diet and health-care. Exercise and regular use of medicines are very important for patient.

Meanwhile, Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) has organised a diabetes awareness program and medical camps to mark World Diabetes Day at Central Telegraph Office, Karachi.  

Senior Medical Officers Dr Iffat Fauzia, Dr Nauman Rizwan and Dr Tariq Saeed delivered lectures on the theme “Women & Diabetes” Our Right to a Healthy Future”.

Medical experts gave a detailed presentation about the prevalence of diabetes in Pakistan and prevention strategies. The program was followed by question & answer session.

A free sugar camp was also arranged during this session organized by Rahila Research & Reference Lab (Pvt) Ltd. The program was attended by large number of PTCL employees and their families.