PESHAWAR - The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly met for a total of 437 days, in which, about 102 bills and 303 resolutions on various important matters were passed during its five years Constitutional tenure, which is now going to expire on March 16th. Sadly, it has also lost 12 of its members.

Moreover, KPK Assembly takes a lead than other Provincial Assemblies after it was addressed by President Asif Ali Zardari last year, first time in the history of Pakistan.

It will be a historic moment as for the very first time in Pakistan, an elected government will complete its five years term.

During its five years Parliamentary tenure, KPK Assembly proceedings lasted for about 437 days.

Having different traditions, provincial lawmakers consider Provincial Assembly as a collective "Grand Jirga" of the province. The KPK Assembly has 124 elected members, 99 regular seats, 22 seats reserved for women and 3 seats for non-Muslims.

The first meeting of the then NWFP Assembly was summoned on Friday March 28th, 2008 by the then Governor for oath-taking and election of Speaker and Deputy Speaker.

Arbab Muhammad Ayub Jan, member-elect took oath from Kiramatullak Khan as Speaker and Khusdil Khan as Deputy Speaker. On April 1, 2008, Speaker Kiramatullah Khan administered oath to newly elected Chief Minister Ameer Haider Khan Hoti.

As compared to other Provincial Assemblies, KPK Assembly and it lawmakers kept their traditions alive by not having too much lacking quorum issue and not walking out from session on petty matters.

On a whole, no disturbance to mar Assembly proceedings has been witnessed. However, during its five-year term, once KPK Assembly was severely criticised, when some of its legislatures showed ballet papers openly in last Presidential elections that was easily been won by Asif Ali Zardari.

Not only lawmakers from Treasury benches, but Opposition too spoke much on all sort of matters ,whenever, it landed at the floor of the House.

Prominent among them were ANP's Parliamentary leader and provincial Information Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain, late Senior Minister Bashir Ahmad Bilour, who  was assassinated in a suicide blast on December 24th, 2012, Saqibullah Khan Chamkani, JUI-F's Parliamentary leader and ex-Chief Minister Akram Khan Durrani, Mufti Kifayatullah, Qasim Khattak, Mufti Janan, PML-N's MPA Javid Abbasi, Inayatullah Jadoon, PML-Q's Qalandar Lodhi, PPP-S, (now Qaumi Watan Party)'s Sikandar Sherpao, Israrullah Gandapur.  Interestingly, PPP that is part of coalition provincial government, yet its Parliamentary leader in the House Abdul Akbar Khan most of the times gave tough time to government by making any legislations, as he is considered to have expertise on Parliamentary affairs and know technicalities better than others in the House.

Moreover, Chief Minister Ameer Haider Khan Hoti attended Assembly proceedings whenever, he felt that his presence is required in the House.  Having much convincing power, he was ever admired for his cooperation with his colleagues especially Opposition. Among women lawmakers, Opposition took a lead over MPAs belonging to Treasury benches, as PML-Q's Nighat Orakzai, who has now joined PPP has talked much on the floor of the House in last five years, followed by PML-N's Shazia Aurangzeb, who has quit her party and too have joined PPP, while PPP's Noor Sahar, Shazia Tehmas and ANP's Shagufta Malik were not much behind by having a viewpoint on a matter in the House.

The KPK Assembly held its sessions from time to time and passed about 102 bills which included KPK Judicial Academy Bill, 2012, under which, a Judicial Academy has been established at lower courts, and now an FM radio will now be aired within next one week. It will be the very first radio station in Pakistan's history, which will run a news bulletin daily, will air lectures on judicial matters, guide court applicants, educate people on their rights. 

Under the KPK Enforcement of Women Ownership Rights Bill, 2012, which has been passed with majority, women's right to own property would be safeguarded in the province.

The Provincial Assembly also approved KPK Local Government Bill, 2012 revoking the Local Government system devised by former President Gen (Retd) Pervez Musharraf.

Under the new Local Government system, a district Nazim would now be called Mayor while Deputy Nazim Deputy Mayor.

The Zila Council has been abolished in Peshawar to introduce the old system of Municipal Corporation.

Moreover, to establish an emergency rescue service for the purpose of maintaining a state of preparedness to deal with emergencies, to provide timely response, KPK Emergency Rescue Service Bill, 2012 was approved for the purpose which is considered a big achievement on the part of provincial government as being at forefront at militancy, it was too much needed to have such a service in the province.

The Provincial Assembly has also passed an another important bill calling it KPK Sacked Employees (Appointment) Bill,2012, under which, nearly 5,000 employees have been reinstated, which would cost the provincial exchequer about Rs 1.5b.  These employees have been sacked from job during PML-N’s last government.

To promote regional languages in the province, KPK Regional Languages Authority Bill, 2011 has also been passed under which regional language would be introduce as a medium of instruction at schools. KPK Hydel Development Organisation (Amendment) Bill 2013, under the law, investors in the field of hydro power generation would be facilitated and encouraged so that to overcome power crisis in the province.

Apart from, KPK Provincial Ombudsman Bill 2010 has been passed and now ombudsman office is fully functioning, as under this law, it will provide the people with tools to seek justice if any government department fails to deliver.

Moreover, KPK Assembly has also approved 303 resolutions prominent among them were condemning the desecration of the Holy Quran at Nato’s Bagram Airbase in Afghanistan.

While through another resolution, it was sought from government to give representation to FATA in KPK Assembly. Through another resolution, Tahirul Qadri’s proposed long march on Islamabad was termed just to destabilise the government. The KPK Assembly passed several resolutions against Drone attacks on FATA, by which, the Assembly time and again asked US administration to stop killings of innocent people in these strikes. Not only this, a few unanimous resolution have been approved against hours long loadshedding.

Through a resolution, the KPK Assembly asked Federal Government to conduct Benazir Bhutto killing investigations through United Nations (UN).

Apart from, the Provincial Assembly has also disposed off 79 adjournment motions and 243 call attention notices. Out of total 124 members, 107 MPAs voted for Asif Ali Zardari as a Presidential candidate.

During these five years, some 662 meetings of different committees were also held, while PPP replaced its Parliamentary leader Rahim Dad Khan with Abdul Akbar Khan and ANP's Mian Iftikhar Hussain was appointed as party's Parliamentary leader in the House in place of Bashir Ahmad Bilour, who was assassinated in a suicide blast on December 24, 2012. In the ongoing session of KPK Assembly which has started from March 5, is expected to continue till March 15 so that make important legislation required after the passage of 18th Amendment.

During these five years, the KPK Assembly mourned the deaths of its 12 members including KPK Senior Minister Bashir Ahmad Bilour. ANP's Alamzeb Khan was the first victim of terrorism who was killed in a bomb blast in Peshawar in 2009. Similarly, Dr Shamsher of the ANP from Swat has also been killed in blast in Swat.

Iftikhar Khan Shagai of the PPP died in a road accident while ANP MPA Akhtar Nawaz Khan was killed in his hometown Haripur by gunmen. Those MPAs who died natural deaths were Gulistan Bittani of the JUI-F, Latifullah Alizai of the PPP, Khalid Raza Zakorhi from Lakki Marwat, Ziad Durrani of the JUI-F, Maulvi Ubaidullah of the ANP, Zahir Shah of the PML-Q and Muhammad Ali Mohmand of the QWP.  Some of the lawmakers during the five-year term changed their loyalties like Muhammad Rashad, elected to the Provincial Assembly on PML-Q ticket, joined the PML-N at a time when Amir Muqam also shifted his loyalty to the PML-Nawaz. Similarly, Nighat Yasmin Orakzai quit the PML-Q and joined the ruling PPP. Provincial Minister Mian Nisar Gul, elected to the Provincial Assembly from Karak as independent candidate, joined the ANP but resigned from the Ministry and the party in February last.

Mian Nisar Gul has announced to contest the upcoming polls as an independent candidate.

Similarly, Pervez Khattak, who was Parliamentary leader of the then Pakistan People’s Party-Sherpao (now QWP), quit his party and joined the PPP and was tipped off as Provincial Minister.

Munawar Khan Advocate, Shazia Aurangzeb and Mehar Sultana left the PML-N as members of Provincial Assembly while QWP dissident Ateeq-ur-Rehman, ANP's Fazli Shakoor Khan and Sajjad Khan have formally joined JUl-F in the recent past.

The Assembly is stated to have done as a best job as compared to rest of the Provincial Assemblies.