In this complex world, international organisations, especially the United Nations , play a pivotal role in establishing international peace and security, promoting amicable relations among the member states, resolving health issues, curbing terrorism, and keeping sustainable development in the world at large. The UN works for countering present, emerging, and future threats, for example, the situation in Darfur, Israeli-Palestine conflict, Syrian civil war, and climate change.

Over the past seven decades, the UN has evolved into a much larger organisation with a vast agenda and scope to cope with the security issues and ameliorate the socio-economic conditions of states. Due to the unstoppable efforts of the UN, the world has not yet witnessed the utmost devastation like World War II and it is the only global agency which has prevented the ‘Third World War’. In these crucial times, where the great powers could lead to the full-fledged nuclear war over petty issues, the UN left no stone unturned in order to safeguard the humanity from the carnage.

The United Nations is not the perfect organisation, it has the flaws, problems and serious shortcomings. But one must also look at the unique work it carries out. The UN achieves a small annual budget of $2.7 billion, however, it engages in saving the lives of millions of people. Hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees are being stranded at the borders of Turkey, it is the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) which welcomes and provides them the place to live in. In fact, the UNHCR is providing aid to more than 55 million refugees and displaced people in 123 countries. How about the United Nations Children’s Emergency Funds (UNICEF)? It provides immunisation to 40% of the world’s children.

There are also other vital organisations which are the part of the UN. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has worked tremendously in eradicating polio, AIDS, and other viral diseases. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) gives its full measure to prevent proliferation of the nuclear weapons and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) leads the fight against climate change. There have been 70 peace keeping operations in sensitive parts of the world since 1948 to restore and maintain peace and stability. Thanks to the United Nations which is committed in sorting out the growing problems faced by the world. The UN’s former secretary general Dag Hammarskjold said that “United Nations Organisation was created not to lead mankind to Heaven but to save the humanity from Hell.’’

ASFAND BHUTTO,

Islamabad, September 9.