You know, there was a General de Caulaincourt with Napoleon... and in his memoirs he describes how Napoleon would completely demean himself to get what he wanted. That if he wanted you to do something, he would put all his energy and attention into making it happen. And he had no shame. He would cajole, threaten, flatter, lie. The general said that Napoleon ...(could) seduce you to his will." "...you nearly killed...," said Dalakis. "How can you justify that?" "I do not try to. You remember in Crime and Punishment when Raskolnikov argues that some people have the right to kill? I think this theory had something to do with Napoleon...-Stephen Dobyns, The Death of Senora Pucci Interestingly enough, General (retd) Pervez Musharraf has publicly said that Napoleon Bonaparte and Richard Nixon were his role models in political history. Napoleon was known to humiliate people and Nixon faced the ultimate in public humiliation in the highest political office. Both Napoleon and Nixon were obsessed with "control" and "power" rested within themselves and both have been denounced as reckless villains in democratic annals. Both of them, Napoleon and Nixon, derived their authority and power from unscrupulous sources and unprincipled political manipulation. Napoleon and Nixon are the symbols of defiance, contempt and insolence to the ethics of democratic principles and politics. Given General (retd) Musharraf's fascination with Napoleon and Nixon, a bit of understanding of the political conduct and emotional psyche of these two historical personalities may help to explain Pervez Musharraf's political behaviour and modus operandi at this crucial stage of national crisis in Pakistan's history. A psychoanalytical review of General de Caulaincourt's description of Napoleon's character and personality will reveal the following: (a) Napoleon's ultimate political objective and personal interest was embedded in the pursuit of power, (b) the means in attaining this end (pursuit of power) was irresponsible application of flattering, inveigling, lying, threatening and degrading others, (c) Napoleon could even demean himself to get what he wanted and have his way (obviously, he had no respect for other opinions and views), (d) Napoleon believed that the "power of his office" would subjugate everyone to his "will" as long as he remained defiant and contemptuous to other's viewpoints, and (e) that Napoleon could humiliate others with a cold-blooded attitude. Winning at every stage, was the endgame for Napoleon - nothing else mattered.  However, in retrospect, Napoleon's overall personal conduct and strategy of "power attainment" can only be considered as flawed - more so in the contemporary political culture where exercise of power is vested in the will of the people. Napoleon's political strategic doctrine and modus operandi is out-dated, politically fraudulent and unacceptable in an age of enlightened socio-political consciousness. One wonders how a head-of-state could, in modern times, subscribe to such a backward and deceptive political perspective. And yet, the Pakistani unconstitutional president proudly claims to be a disciple of Napoleon. Indeed, it sheds a great deal of light on Musharraf's political conduct in the present national crisis and the way things are going to turn out in the immediate future. The general (retd) intends to pursue power with all possible means at his disposal - legitimate or illegitimate, it does not matter - and he is bent on humiliating the entire nation (given the fact that he has been overwhelmingly rejected by the nation through the democratic process). Humiliating the adversary is a military concept. The enemy must be destroyed, completely obliterated into a state of non-existence, absolutely humiliated to the brink of the loss of honor and dignity. The adversaries in the battlefield must surrender, lay down arms and accept total defeat with disgrace, shame and ignominy. This is what Napoleon believed and this is how he operated. Is this how Pervez Musharraf, intends to deal with the democratic forces in his own country in what he calls "Pakistan First?" In the post-February 18 Pakistan, Gen (retd) Pervez Musharraf has re-invented himself as Pakistan's part-Napoleon Bonaparte and part-Richard Nixon. Is Pervez Musharraf caught up with Nixon's syndrome of "humiliating adversaries" at all costs, irrespective of ground realities and the fact that the nation has rejected him? In a reverse paradigm, Musharraf's objective at the moment seems to be the humiliation of the entire nation - the desire and defiance to totally subjugate 165 million Pakistanis to his will - to experience the ultimate ecstasy of power - the other side of "self-hatred" expressed in the utter totality of "self-love." General (retd) Pervez Musharraf would be well-advised to understand that in a democratic structure of politics, confrontations with adversaries are inevitable, but a statesman and visionary leader seeks alternatives within the context of political management laid down in rules and conventions and moves forward amicably, strictly observing and respecting the expressed will of the people. In the process, the elimination of some specific political actors is a natural consequence of constitutional democratic procedures. It is not a humiliation (as the ex-general believes) - it is simply an appendage to a democratic course. Will Pervez Musharraf consider that Napoleon and Nixon are dead and so are their political creeds? And will he consider submitting to the will of the people? Will Pervez Musharraf save himself the public humiliation - and spare the nation the humiliation that he intends to inflict upon people for rightfully rejecting his leadership? Indeed, Musharraf's leadership was flawed from start to finish. Indeed, it was... Indeed, his resignation is the only respectable course of action...Indeed, he must resign... The writer is a professor and a political analyst. E-mail: hl_mehdi@hotmail.com