Political solutions to administrative problems will not work, inasmuch as administrative solutions to political problems must fail. That is why the executive and legislature must be kept apart. Similarly judicial judgement to an administrative problem may punish an official (if junior enough) but does nothing to improve or reform the system. Similarly administrative solution to a judicial problem creates confusion. This is why the executive and judiciary must be kept apart. Currently they are not. Executive decisions are subject to judicial review. It follows, therefore, that the executive is dependent on the judiciary. It must not be so. We need to revisit nazar fi'l mazalim (complaint courts) methodology of Islamic origin. Historically Napoleon adopted it in the form of Administrative Courts in France whose jurisdiction is independent of the judicial. Can't we see our present impasse has crystallised on account of this lack of separation because the only way out is the inadequate suo moto approach of the Supreme Court. We need to think hard on all of this if we are to catch up with the Asian Tigers who were behind us 50 years ago but are well ahead now. Fortunately, Article 216 of our Interim Constitution of 1972 lays the basis for the separation of the executive from the judicial. Unfortunately, Article 212 of our current Constitution had disseminated the same. We need to wake up. -MASOOD HASAN, Lahore, March 14.