The Muslims of the subcontinent, before the creation of Pakistan, were in a state of quandary how to regain their dignity, which they had lost when the British came to India under cover of trade through East India Company, but with the covert design of annexing it. The vast territory with its enormous wealth and resources had to be grabbed as part of Great Game to control a vast chunk of humanity spread over different continents. In the case of the US, it was Washington who, with his rag tag army, pitted against the well-trained and well-armed British soldiers, adopted the similar tactics which the Taliban are adhering to in defeating the US Army, the greatest military power in the world. Adopting the surprise element of insurgency and a rare tenacity to preserve their freedom, they have compelled USA to think of an exit from Afghanistan by soliciting the help of Pakistan. Pakistan has thus gained some importance, which otherwise it had lost in the post-cold war era. It is intended to convey that George Washington's army was no different from that of the Taliban in ousting the greatest colonial power of the time. But ironically, no one calls Washington a 'terrorist', whereas the Taliban, as they happen to be Muslim, are termed 'terrorists'. Resistance is a perfect fundamental human right. The Palestinian groups such as the PLO, Hamas and Islami Jihad in the West Bank and Gaza during the two Intifadas against Israelis were very justified events of resistance, just as Iraqi resistance was against the US-led military occupation and the Afghan resistance, when the Soviets invaded it, and the same Taliban and Al-Qaeda were supported by USA as a formidable force. This made the Soviets realise that their invasion of Afghanistan was a great geostrategic blunder, and that they could not be an exception to the historic reality that the Afghan sensibility would never reconcile to any foreign aggression on their soil. They have an in-built hostility against invaders, as mongoose is to snake. With a typical utilitarian paradigm, USA used the ferocious Afghan combatants and called them 'Mujahideen' till the Red Army was forced to retreat. The great Soviet empire crashed like a pack of cards. With the objective of avenging the defeat of Vietnam realized, the freedom fighters were left to fight amongst themselves, which thoroughly destabilized the country and got radicalized. Had the US the vision to invest in the people, by building infrastructure for progress and education, besides dealing even-handedly with the Pashtuns and the Northern Alliance, the situation would have been markedly different. The mistrust of the US is at the root of Taliban's incredible resistance. The Taliban after having achieved the victory, despite the terrible death and destruction, that they have suffered, are reluctant to make compromises, as they do not trust USA. The same is true of Pakistan's mistrust. USA is not perceived as reliable as it pretends to be in saying that Pakistan is the cornerstone of its foreign policy. It has always coveted the Indian bride, even when it was the damsel of the USSR during the cold war. After its collapse, India curtailed its ties with Moscow and became its strategic partner. Pakistan felt the great shock of being discarded in the regional dynamics. Such is the nature of societies, which claim to be "secularists". Their 'realpolitik' is devoid of moral norms, as any English dictionary would reveal. Pakistan had to encounter double jeopardy as a consequence of Afghan War, first with the Soviet and now US aggression. Moscow became our bitter enemy and we have done nothing to make for our gross error. In the realm of foreign policy, 'options' are not fully closed. Ours is a strange predicament as there is no harmony between foreign and domestic policies, between the State and the people. The usurpers of power through military means have had the compulsion to lean towards USA, so that they could perpetuate their illegal hold over the country. The transfer from the military to civilian rule hardly made any difference in formulating people-centred aspirations in conducting the affairs of the state, as someone has rightly remarked that our foreign policy originates in Delhi and ends up in Washington. Not that the people wished to cut off all ties with the US, but they are against total dependence on any power. The global realities demand that our ties with China are further strengthened and cordial relations are built with Iran and Afghanistan. We must do everything to improve Afghans' economic conditions. The ungrateful ally stopped all aids to punish us for developing the nuclear capability. But look at its duplicity: the US President knew that Pakistan was developing its nuclear capability but as the first Afghan war was on, he kept telling lies to the Congress that it had not achieved the capability to produce nuclear weapons. But the moment the objective in Afghanistan was achieved, Pakistan was subjected to serious sanctions, adversely effecting its economy, which also was ruined due to the massive influx of Afghan refugees, who destroyed Pakistan's social fabric by bringing Kalashnikov and drugs along with them. Pakistan had to pay quite heavily due to our puerile policies. We are unfortunately a "nation" too much prone to repeating historical mistakes, and sacrifice our sovereignty at the altar of expediency. It is a great irony that the Muslims of the subcontinent were a nation, who carved out a state on account of the brilliant and charismatic leadership of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, but the state has been so badly mismanaged that we lost the nationhood. The great vision of the forebears was not only lost sight of but we are, which we were not destined to be, a completely ridiculous version of the road-map, which Quaid-i-Azam wished us to follow. Let us see what a foreigner - a US scholar Robert Hathaway - writes of us in Wilson Quarterly (Vol. 34, No. 1, Winter 2010, pp 21-27): "With a long history of failed governance and political leaders who put their personal interests first, Pakistanis point their fingers at the United States, their arch-enemy India, or the all purpose malefactor often described in the local news media as the "hidden hand" - anyone but themselves to explain their nation's past failings and precarious present. According to the United Nations, it ranks below 133 other countries in adult literacy." This is, what we have made of Pakistan. Email: friendsfoundation@live.co.uk