If the rationale behind Indias convening of an All-Party Conference on Kashmir was to find a way of ending the surging wave of protests in the Occupied part of the disputed State, aiming at bringing durable peace there, it completely failed to give expression to an acceptable solution. In fact, the APC, called by the ruling leadership of New Delhi on Wednesday, was bound to fail, because the real cause of trouble in the Valley i.e. the forcible occupation of the State by India and the peoples inalienable right to decide about their future was not even on its agenda. It was precisely for this reason of lack of a serious approach that had kept the Kashmiri leader Mirwaiz Umar Farooq away from it. The living symbol of the freedom movement Syed Ali Geelani denounced the APCs outcome as cosmetic, pledging to intensify our struggle if India does not accept our demands. The only decision the conference took was to send an all-party delegation to Kashmir to assess the ground realities. That showed the leaders assembled there to be deliberately trying to shelve the problem in the hope that brutal suppression would calm the frayed sentiments and India would continue to maintain its illegal hold over the State. Even the people of Kashmir were certain that the APC was just an eyewash. Thus, they did not stop their protests, in expectation of any meaningful result. Nor was there any change in the attitude of the trigger-happy Indian security forces, which routinely mowed down five more of the stone-throwing youth on the very day of the conference, raising the tally of those killed to 92 in a matter of three month. The participants spent their time revolving round the Indian Constitution to find a solution, which was a non-starter. It was the sudden escalation in the number of merciless killings of peaceful protesters, shouting slogans of azadi (freedom), that had embarrassed India before the increasingly uneasy world. It, therefore, felt compelled to be seen to be doing something so as to hoodwink it. A days record death toll of 18 in the history of the States freedom struggle against India, led its government to convene the conference at short notice. Even our leaders who have so far been turning a blind eye to the Indian atrocities realised that the matter could no longer be put aside, and President Zardari came out with his condemnation. Pakistan would have to live up to its declared policy of extending diplomatic as well as moral support to the freedom fighters, telling the world clearly that they could not be equated with terrorists, who are an altogether different breed. We should step up our diplomatic efforts especially in the case of the US Administration that has taken a U-turn from Obamas initial promise of resolving the Kashmir dispute in line with the wishes of the people to treating it as an internal matter of India.