ISLAMABAD - The yawning differences and changing political priorities between the religious parties, mainly Jamiat-i-Ulema-i-Islam (Fazl) and Jamaat-i-Islami, were among some of the reasons which have virtually dumped the move for the revival of Muttahida Majlis-i-Amal, the alliance emerged as a powerful player in national politics in 2002 elections.

Background interviews with the leaders of member parties, particularly JUI-F and JI, it could safely be said that the revival of MMA would be a far cry, as the differences among the members are appalling and could hardly be resolved while at the same time both JUI-F and JI have changed over the period and could also be the reason behind putting the MMA revival on backburner.

A senior JI leader when asked about the chances of MMA revival, said that though anything could happen in politics but he saw minimal chances of the revival of religious parties' alliance keeping in view the differences on the code of conduct for the member parties and guarantees JI wanted from JUI-F which the latter was not ready to give.

He further said that in the changed political scenario where Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf had emerged as a very strong player in the arena, with which JI is a coalition partner in Khyber-Pakhtunkhawa, it would be quite difficult for Jamaat to break the alliance with PTI and go for the MMA revival.

Jamiat-i-Ulema-i-Islam(Fazl), which in the recent past had made some serious efforts for the revival of the alliance, is now avoiding talking on the issue with media and when their leadership was approached for comment on the issue they avoided to talk on the issue and simply said that efforts were underway to bring religious parties on one platform to turn it into a formidable electoral force like they had made it from the platform of MMA in 2002 general elections.

Sources in JI informed that the party leadership was no more interested in revival of MMA as the party is part of the provincial government in Khyber-Pakhtunkhawa and a very strong group within the party wanted to expand party's electoral engagements with PTI to other parts of the country, mainly Punjab as well.

But a very strong lobby within the party was opposing the move as they wanted to see the alliance of the party with Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz), which had worked well in the early 90s.

The leadership of Jamaat-i-Islami was of the view that the late Amir of JI Qazi Hussain Ahmad was of the strong view that the religious parties could not make any impact in electoral politics while landing in electoral arena separately and he was the driving force behind the formation of Muttahida Majlis-i-Amal which had validated his notion when in 2002 General Elections MMA had swept the elections in Khyber-Pakhtunkhawa and formed government there. Similarly, they had turned out the single largest group in National Assembly and managed to clinch the slot of Leader of Opposition in the house, a great achievement for the alliance formed just months ahead of the elections. But unfortunately JUI-F after formation of MMA government in Khyber-Pakhtunkhawa itself breached the agreement between the member parties, a JI leader said.

The MMA, an alliance of six religious parties, was formed in early 2002 that swept the general elections in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The alliance formed governments in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan after 2002 general polls.

The MMA was dissolved in October 2007 owing to differences among its member parties. Apart from JUI-F and JI, JUI-S, Jamiat Ulema-i-Pakistan, Jamaat Ahl-i-Hadith and Pakistan Tehrik-i-Islami were also part of the alliance.