Recently the Chief Minister of Punjab made a statement that Judicial Officers in Punjab would be given allowances equivalent to three salaries. The object of this increase in the pay structure of the judicial officers was definitely very noble i.e. to attract dedicated and committed members of the society to join the noblest of all professions and that is rendering justice. The grant of three salaries shall be dependent on the clearance of a large number of pendency in the District Courts. For a dedicated judicial officer honesty is the best virtue. For him grant of extra perks and privileges would be of no consequence. There are still officers in the District Judiciary who can be cited as living examples of honesty, integrity and at the same time for their quality in deciding the cases expeditiously. But they are very few in number. It cannot be expected from a majority of judicial officers that the surrounding environments would not affect them. After all they are members of the same society where the race is going on for acquiring more and more, wealth as well as power. I am a staunch supporter of the judicial reforms. We do not have a perfect society. Like any other organ of the state, the judiciary is also in need of revolutionary reforms. But firstly it should be made sure that every judicial officer shall be housed at the station of his posting and shall also get a house of his own on his retirement. It is the apprehension of not having shelter, after retirement, that continues haunting a good judicial officer. Conveyance is yet another basic problem. The government should ensure solution to these problems and then start expecting results from the judiciary. It would be very expedient and just that instead of granting increase in rental allowance or conveyance the members of the judiciary are provided residences and arrangements are made for their transportation. No judiciary can function without the assistance of lawyers. It is unfortunate that like a majority of judges, a majority of lawyers is not sincere to their profession. In my view the mushroom growth in the law colleges has created a class of lawyers who should not have been lawyers. The bar councils and the bar associations are required to discipline their members. The threats to the presiding officer from certain segment of the bar associations is generating a negative culture. Most of the lawyers have political backing. Whereas it is expected of a lawyer to be a party of the national politics, it does not behove him to use that influence while appearing in court. There are syndicates of lawyers who do not permit the judges to proceed with the cases on merits. The bar councils can play an effective role in this department. It is high time that the senior most lawyers play their role not only for the restoration of the judges but also for magnifying the dignity of the judges which can be achieved only if the judges start deciding cases at a good speed. The people at the helm of judicial affairs may look into the feasibility of adopting the methodology of selecting on certain judges for clearance of large pendency. This exercise can be carried out quiet conveniently since the number of civil judges has been increased from 10 in 70s to 70 plus in 2008. The High Court can issue administrative instructions for the disposal of the pending cases on accelerated speed. The bar councils and associations can be taken into confidence for the implementation of these instructions. My firm conviction is that when lawyers from both the sides want to get a case concluded it can finish within the shortest period even if the concerned judges are not willing to work. Where there is a will there is a way. A large number of complaints can be resolved outside the court by the advocates of the respective parties as is done in other civilised countries. Only such cases are brought in the courts which cannot be resolved outside. Frivolous litigation has to be curbed with the active help and cooperation of the lawyers community. Strict disciplinary action against police officers not taking interest in the prosecution of the cases investigated by them or challenged by them would definitely accelerate the disposal of cases in the criminal courts. The prosecutors must be good-trained lawyers getting good remuneration's. It is desired that in the judicial service the national pay scale system be abolished. There should be only two grades, junior grade and senior grade. The District and Sessions judges are presently getting pay in grade 21. On elevation as judge of the High Court their pay is increased many times in addition to many allowances and privileges. On retirement a judge of the High Court gets pension which is almost double of the pay of a serving district judge. This disparity has to be removed. The Civil Procedure Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure are very comprehensive. What is needed is the will and determination to implement the provisions of these legislation's is letter and spirit. The thrust of all the recommendations of the law commission has been on increasing the number of judicial offices and provision of proper infrastructure. These suggestions merit consideration. The number of judges has to be increased. Proper infrastructure has to be provided for courts to function. Without a proper courtroom and required facilities, no judge can maintain decorum in his court. Environments do matter. The working conditions of the judges have to be improved radically and that too without and further delay. But all theories fail when the presiding officer is not willing to work. The entire country is raising hue and cry that justice in Pakistan is delayed. There is definitely a fault in our judicial system. It has to be rectified. Instead of making excuses we have to find out ways and means to solve the menace of corruption and delayed disposal of cases. The Federal Judicial Academy in Islamabad is a very important institution for the training of newly appointed judges and for refresher courses for the in-service judges. It has, however, limited resources. The government is not providing adequate funds to it. The result is that except for training of judicial officers for short duration's it is performing no other function. It is not making any progress in the research activities. In short, training programmers, restricted from 4 to 6 weeks, cannot train newly appointed judges in the manner in which they should be trained. Training of judges is the most important factor in the working of a judicial system. Before concluding I would like to take up another very important aspect affecting the district judiciary as a class and that is the matter of their promotions. Judicial officers are eligible for appointment in the High Court. But in the past district judiciary was either totally ignored or was not given adequate representation. The District and Sessions Judges, seeing no scope of elevation to the High Court, stop working at full throttle. They started giving adjournments, because they know they have no further career. This aspect has to be looked into by the Chief Justice of Pakistan. The District and Sessions judges must be given their due share in the High Courts. A sense of competition must remain in them so that they continue working hard to achieve elevation to the bench. A corrupt man be a judge, doctor, teacher, soldier or a member of any other profession, will never give up easy money. In order to check this malaise, the process of judicial accountability has to be strengthened at the earliest. In every High Court there should be a panel of 2 to 3 judges known for their integrity and not too much of flexibility. That panel should control the office of the Member Inspection Team and recommend disciplinary proceedings where necessary. The judicial offices earning 2 to 3 adverse reports must be retired, if not dismissed or removed from service. If a judge is recorded as corrupt in the service record maintained by the High Court, sentences a man to death how can the superior court confirm his finding, since the main argument of the defence is that a corrupt Qazi is disqualified to decide the fate of his fellow human beings. A judge, superseded more than once, knows that the chances of his further promotion are rather bleak and start minting money. It has to be stopped. Such like officers must not remain in-service. Some of the judges facing serious charges of misconduct have been exonerated and reinstated in the past. Some of them are definitely not honest. I know they shall not be promoted or appointed as judges of the High Court. Then why to reinstate them with full benefits? This logic is put forward by some retired senior judicial officers that they should at least get pension is beyond my comprehension. They do not need pension. In litigation against the government head of the concerned department should be made responsible for imparting justice without waiting for the court verdict. If justice is done at the level of the governmental departments at least 60 percent of civil litigation shall be eliminated. In major departments judicial officers should be posted for resolving the disputes at departmental level. The district judiciary is the backbone of the entire judicial system in the country. The back has to be straight and strong. A hunch back district judiciary shall create humps at all levels. The judiciary is in need of a strong tonic. Let the Chief Minister of Punjab Mian Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif administer the first dose of that tonic. The writer is a former registrar Lahore High Court and presently director general of the Federal Judicial Academy, Islamabad