LONDON Member British House of Lords and Chairman All parties Parliamentary Group for Kashmir Lord Nazir Ahmed has said that the UN must set up a special criminal tribunal under the international law to investigate human rights abuses in Indian Kashmir and prosecute those responsible for the mass graves. Lord Nazir in his speech at the House of Lords on Thursday said the world must not allow India to join Security Council until it complies with its resolutions of 1948 and 1949. He also urged US President Barack Obama and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to appoint a special envoy for Kashmir and said the UN must demand that both India and Pakistan should include Kashmiris in any future talks to resolve the dispute through peaceful means. He said the self-determination represents perhaps the only orderly, lawful, peaceful and democratic way to resolve these long standing conflicts and it was incumbent upon the international community to take effective steps to implement the right as a matter of international law. The so called 'war on terror is not and had never been an excuse to sideline those peoples who have a lawful claims to their national rights under international law and we call on all concerned to look at the underlying causes of conflict in order to take forward a collective desire for a peaceful resolution, Lord Nazir remarked. He said, It is incumbent on the international community to make human rights the centre piece of policy and decision-making so that the security, dignity and prosperity of all the nations and peoples of the world is protected and so that the civilised values can be translated into real peace and progress for all of humanity. He stressed the need to design aid and trade programmes to promote those who comply with international humanitarian standards and to isolate those who do not. We should applaud the efforts of human rights defenders across the world whose courageous actions, often in the face of open threats to their very lives, aim to protect the weak and vulnerable against wanton repression. We salute those who have given their lives in the cause of human rights and justice. We further congratulate Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and other NGOs which continue to put human rights at the top of the international agenda. He said the UN as well as individual states and regional blocks, such as the EU, should also adopt self-determination as a key driver to resolve conflicts in a peaceful and democratic manner. Current conflicts on disputed territories such as those in Palestine, Kashmir, Punjab as well as many others cannot be resolved without the consent of the governed being freely determined and respected. Citing East Timor, Lord Nazir said the UN had itself set a precedent by organising a plebiscite and ensuring that the outcome was respected. He pointed to the examples of break-up of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, as well as the re-unification of Germany and said, It is the time that these standards are applied uniformly in order to resolve all of the bloody and otherwise intractable conflicts facing the humanity today. Lord Ahmed said the debate had never been so important since the historic steps taken by the UN and the international community in adopting not only the Universal Declaration of Human Rights back in 1948 but also the subsequent body of international humanitarian law, including the 1966 Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and Economic and Social Rights, both of which put the right of self-determination at the forefront of human rights. The primacy of the collective human right of self-determination - upon which the protection of all individual human rights ultimately depends - has been recognised by the UN itself. International Law offers hope and legitimacy to those nations, many of which are represented here today, who seek peacefully and democratically to determine their own destiny within the community of nations, he said.