Camel, the ship of desert, has an unmistakable silhouette, with their humped back, short tail, long slim legs, and long neck that dips downwards and rises to a small narrow head is considered to be the best companion of man for thousands of years which has adapted to hot and arid environments. It not only enjoys a high economic position but also scores its value by producing milk, meat, wool and a good transportation tool. Understanding the services of camel in famine or drought areas and their correct manipulation can reduce human starvation. In Muslim countries, camel is a precious sacrificial animal on one hand and provides hides on the other which serves as a raw material for valuable commercial products. Moreover, the blood is used as a blood meal which is a rich source of nitrogen and protein. Camel hair, after blending with wool confers adorable items that are soft and plush to use.

 The contribution of camels to the human welfare of developing countries is generally obscured by several factors, which tends to underestimate their true value. Firstly, the estimates of camel populations are usually inaccurate due to lack of regular census. Secondly, their products seldom find a formal marketing system; thus, their contribution to subsistence and the national economy tends to be grossly underestimated. As a consequence, less attention has been given to camel improvements for many years in the national development plans. Anyhow due to their physiological attributes, camels are the most suitable species of domestic mammals to be used under extremely arid conditions.

 If we talk about the threats to camel, parasitism comes at the top with the highest percentage prevalence of 38pc among all other diseases affecting their productivity. Freely movement of the infected animals within the herd causes dissemination of parasitism in the population. Majority of enteric infections have been attributed to the gastrointestinal parasites of camels. Heavy infections cause significant impact on affected animals in terms of morbidity and mortality. Parasites of camel vary with respect to the ecological conditions, species and the adopted rearing system which justifies the necessity to identify them to keep this treasured animal out of harm’s way. Scientists believe that parasitic infection is one of the most important and serious threat to the livestock economy. (The writers of the article are Roman Farooq Alvi and Muhammad Sohail Sajid)