Recently the petroleum Minister Khawaja    Muhammad Asif and his counterpart Murli Deora     met in Islamabad. In the meeting they both    resolved the differences over the Iran-Pakistan-India    (IPI) gas project agreeing to start work on laying pipeline next year for procuring gas from Iran by December-2012. However, previously the talks failed in June last year over the issue of transit fee and transportation transit as the $7.5 billion peace pipeline project was put into cold storage. By virtue of that the current crises ultimately compelled both the parties to have talks. It is pertinent to mention that India showed exigency in securing talks shortly after the Chinese government expressed interest in joining the project replacing India. Moreover, India utterly failed to take part in three rounds of talks held over the past nine months as Oil Minister cancelled the last minute a scheduled visit to Islamabad in February. Pakistan's share in the cost of the project could be $3 billion. Interestingly the project will enable both to meet 75 per cent gas requirement. Work on 2775 km IPI pipeline will begin in 2009 and is supposed to be completed by December 2012. It will almost carry 2.46 billion cubic feet of gas a day from Iran's south pars field that will equally be shared by Pakistan and India. In the bilateral talks of the both of countries the USA has deliberately intervened over the project because Iran has become an eye soar for the US, hence it does not want to let this project go ahead. For the betterment of security reasons the route of the pipeline has been altered. As it enters Pakistan near Gwadar and will move along highway to join the transmission system of Nawabashah. This project is indeed a major breakthrough between India and Pakistan that will pave way for ensuing good relations between the countries. It is bilateral relationship between both. Ironically, previously the cost was $3.3 billion in 2004 but due to the laxity of India in participating the project has increased it $7.5 bn today. Now both agreed on fundamental issues. While the recent visit of Iran's President helps expedite the project, which showed positive aspect in building the healthy relations amongst three countries. Apart from this, there are really several more problems but USA's hostility toward Iran and Delhi's sensitivity to Washington are hurting. Over the deliberate intervention of America, Indian politicians have shown concern, as India greatly needs to meet its gas requirement. There is only one reason that forced India to take part in the IPI, is China's response in IPI. It is good to hear that despite American and Israel threats India participated in the project because it serves its economic and energy interest. The threatening problem for the parties over 700 km pipeline is insecurity within the Balochistan because the pipeline runs through the province while the people of the area are highly annoyed over the policies of the previous government. But soon after the arrival of the new government the level of insurgency has fallen and acts of ransacking have reduced to a greater extent. Here it is a big challenge for Islamabad to remove the anxiety, unrest and uncertainty of Baloch and ensure peace in the country's largest province.