WASHINGTON - The United States has criticized India's record on religious freedoms, saying corruption and lack of trained police led to the laws not always being enforced rigorously, according to a State Department report. The department's International Religious Freedom Report 2010 said despite government efforts to foster communal harmony, extremist groups continued to view ineffective investigation and prosecution of attacks on religious minorities as a signal that they could commit such violence with impunity. The report, released by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, does not absolve the government of responsibility for acts of violence relating to religion, in particular suggesting that law enforcement and prosecution was weak due to a low police to population ratio, corruption, and an overburdened and antiquated court system. It argued that some State and local governments also limited religious freedom by maintaining or enforcing existing anti-conversion legislation and by not efficiently or effectively prosecuting those who attacked religious minorities. In particular, it noted there were active anti-conversion laws in six of the 28 States Gujarat, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Arunachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Himachal Pradesh. "While there were no reports accusing the national government of committing abuses of religious freedom, human rights activists criticized it for alleged inaction regarding abuses committed by state and local authorities and private citizens," the report said. There was continued concern about the Gujarat government's failure to arrest those responsible for the communal violence in 2002 that killed over 1,200 persons, an overwhelming majority of which were Muslim. The report cited All India Christian Council as saying attacks on Christians occurred in the states of Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. The report also presented an extensive list of incidents across Indian states and occupied Jammu and Kashmir in which religious freedoms had been attacked. Most entailed attacks by private citizens and groups on religious minorities and their organizations. However, the report praised an Indian organization -- the National Foundation for Communal Harmony -- for providing assistance for the physical and psychological rehabilitation of child victims of communal, caste, ethnic, or terrorist violence. The State Department report also criticized Pakistan for its treatment of minorities. The report said Christians, Sikhs, Hindus and Ahmadis reported governmental and societal discrimination in the country. "A domestic insurgency led by religious militants increased acts of violence and intimidation against religious minorities and exacerbated existing sectarian tensions," the report said. "Extremists demanded that all citizens follow a strict version of Islam and threatened brutal consequences if they did not abide by it. Extremists also targeted violence against Muslims advocating for tolerance and pluralism, including followers of Sufism." The report said the U.S. government discusses religious freedom with the government as part of its overall policy to promote human rights. "During the reporting period, U.S. embassy officials closely monitored the treatment of religious minorities, worked to eliminate the teaching of religious intolerance, and encouraged the amendment or repeal of the blasphemy laws."