ISLAMABAD  – New study suggests that men who exercise before their morning meal are to be granted with greater fat loss and larger reductions in the level of fat in the blood.

According to the study, those who did their walk before breakfast used up to 33 per cent more fat than those who exercised after eating. The results of the research conducted at Glasgow University in Scotland revealed that exercising on an empty stomach not only helps burn off more body fat and lose more weight, but also leads to a bigger reduction in artery-clogging blood fats.

“While exercise in itself is good, any done before breakfast may be extra beneficial, because it forces the body to rely on its stores of fat for energy,” explained study leader Dr Jason Gill from Glasgow University. “If someone does an hour’s brisk walk every day for ten days or so, he will lose about a pound, which is about as fast as can be really expect to lose weight,” he noted.

Scientists concluded that exercising before the first meal of the day is more effective than the work out that is performed after it.

Nail biting ‘damages IQ’

Children who bite their fingernails may be damaging their IQ and are at greater risk of lead poisoning, a study suggests. Researchers in Russia say this is because lead can gather under their nails simply by playing in dusty conditions, both indoors and outdoors,BBC health reported. It has long been known that exposure to lead may contribute to developmental problems in some children. Previous studies have suggested it may also damage the nervous system.

Lead is found naturally in soil and dust. As a result, it is sometimes consumed via fruit or vegetables that have not been washed properly. Many men, such as plumbers, painters and printers, are exposed to lead at work. But scientists at the Ural Regional Centre for Environmental  Epidemiology in Ekaterinburg, believe that biting finger nails may explain why some children also show high levels of the chemical.

They assessed children living in a number of cities in the Urals. They found that as many as two out of three children in some areas had worryingly high levels of lead. Levels varied depending on whether the children lived in homes that overlooked busy roads or if they had a habit of eating soil, snow or paint.

But they also found a link between high levels of lead and children who regularly bit their nails. They found more than 69 percent of girls and 62 percent of boys involved in the study bit their nails or other objects like pencils. All of the children involved in the study lived in highly industrialised cities with high levels of lead.

Allocation of funds necessary to make country Thalassemia free  

The government patronage and public awareness is need of the hour to make the country free of dreaded disease of Thalassemia. Like other Asian countries thalassemia is amongst major health concerns in Pakistan.Thalassemia was a genetically transmitted blood disorder, which had affected millions of people around the world and its further proliferation could only be slashed down by avoiding intra-family marriages. After the devolution of Health Ministry after the 18th amendment, there was a dire need that provincial governments should allocate necessary funds for establishment of Thalassemia Centers to ensure health coverage and blood transfusion services to the deserving patients in both the rural and urban areas of the country.

Dr Wasim Khawaja, spokesman of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) told this news agency that there are 10 million carriers of this disease who transmit it to the next generation. Economic cost of treatment of thalassemia is enormous. Experts say in our populace, around 6,000 to 8,000 new children are born with thalassemia every year, so this malady is a nuisance, increasing the “ill load” of our population. Pakistan is counted among those less-developed countries where thalassemia patients are multiplying at a very fast rate.

Thalassemia experts say almost seven per 100 people are thalassemia-minor patients, `carriers’ in Pakistan. The carriers are normal themselves and may not even know about their inborn disease until tested, but have the potential to transmit it to their offspring when they marry a carrier, producing a thalassemia major child.

Ayesha Abid of Thalassemia Awareness and Prevention in Pakistan (TAPP) said lack of awareness among the masses was the main cause behind the increase in Thalassemia disorder in Pakistan. She said million of children across the world are suffering from Thalassemia, which needs immediate attention of the nations individually and collectively.                                  

She called upon the government to allocate necessary funds for establishment of Thalassemia centres to ensure health coverage and blood transfusion services to the deserving patients in both the rural and urban areas of the country.                           

Ayesha Abid also appealed to the non-governmental organisations and philanthropist community to generously donate for establishment of such centers where deserving

Thalassemia patients could undergo clinical care besides having free blood transfusion services.