LAHORE – Food pollution is increasing heart diseases and factors like emotional imbalance, smoking, unhealthy lifestyle and lack of exercise are also contributing to cardiac problems while Heart problems in college-students are escalating in Pakistan due to lack of awareness and preventive measures established Chief Executive, Punjab Institute of Cardiology Prof. Dr. Bilal Zakrya Khan during his presentation at the Tech society club on Sunday.

Prof. Dr. Bilal Zakrya Khan on the of topic of “Heart Diseases and Management”, said, “In America 50 percent heart attacks have been reduced by adopting preventive strategy and modern methods of heart care”. He said that smoking at public places should be strictly banned because they pollute the environment for others who are equally affected by the smoke. He said that the patients of diabetes mellitus which is the main trigger of heart diseases will be doubled and increased to 20 per cent in the next 20 years and that every diabetic patient should also be treated as heart patient.

Dr. Bilal Zakrya suggested that fibre rich foods in small quantities should be taken with lesser sweets instead of large meals at once. “Eat to live don’t live to eat”, said Dr. Zakrya. He said that there were many heart diseases but coronary heart disease was the most common type of heart disease which occurs when the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become hardened and narrowed due to the plaque build up, reducing the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart and weakening the heart muscle and that lead to heart failure.

Zakrya said that tobacco smoking, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, physical inactivity, obesity, diabetes mellitus, stress, alcohol, malnutrition diets and lack of exercise were increasing the risk of heart diseases and heart attacks in Pakistan. “Cardiac diseases medicines are expensive in Pakistan so heart attack risks can be reduced by avoiding tobacco smoking which contains more than 4,800 chemicals; many of which can damage your heart and blood vessels while regular physical exercise and brisk walk besides eating heart-healthy diet like fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low fat dairy products that can help protect heart” he outlined. He said that relaxation, smiling, limiting body weight to the ideal level, controlling blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels can delay heart attacks at least 10 to 15 years. He further said that thirty to sixty minutes regular brisk walk in a normal temperature in fasting can be helpful to maintain healthy heart. “Pakistanis don’t believe in preventing the heart disease owing to the lack of substantial motivation for prevention and as a result they face heart attacks while heart disease symptoms usually appear after 5 years of the heart disease”, he added.

Prof. Dr. Samina Jehangir, world renowned ophthalmologist in his presidential remarks said that laughter therapy and offering prayers can also be helpful in overcoming heart problems.

Engr Abdul Majeed Khan, Zubair Sheikh, Dr. Muhammad Sadiq and Jameel Gishkori also spoke.