Voicing concerns over the threats posed by the indigenous terror groups, Indian Home Minister P Chidambaram told world media that India-based modules were behind 13/7 Mumbai blast and the Pune explosion. 'Times of India also reported that the Home Minister said that the recent bomb blast in Delhi High Court could be a job of local militant groups and India cannot blame Pakistan anymore for terror attacks. A powerful bomb placed in a briefcase outside the High Court in New Delhi killed at least 11 people and wounded 76 on September 7. Chidambaram said That threat remains but we must also look at Indian modules or India-based modules which are capable of carrying out terror attacks. In the past, India has often blamed Pakistan for supporting terrorist groups who carry out attacks on Indian soil. According to recent US report released by Congressional Research Service (CRS), reveals that the recent developments have shown that militant Hindu nationalist groups are determined to launch domestic terror attacks. The 94-pages report on India was released by the CRS, independent and bipartisan wing of the US Congress prepares periodic reports on issues of interest of the US lawmakers, on September 1, a copy of which made public by the 'Federation of American Scientists (FAS) on Tuesday. The report said, Even more recent are overt signs that India is home to militant Hindu nationalist groups intend on launching domestic terrorist attacks. In September 2008, seven people were killed by two bomb blasts in Maharashtas Malegaon, a hotbed of Hindu-Muslim communal strife. Adding that by years end police had arrested nine members of a Hindu Terrorist Cell in connection with the bombing, including an active Army Lieutenant Colonel and a Hindu nun with links to the main opposition BJP. In late 2010, Hindutva extremist Swami Aseemnand confessed to involvement in a number of terrorist attacks previously blamed on Islamic militants, including the 2006 bombing of a Muslim cemetery in Malegaon that killed 37 people and the 2007 bombing of the trans-border Samjhota Express, a train linking Delhi and Lahore, Pakistan, that killed 68 people, most of them Pakistani civilians, CRS said. It further said that the confessions were an embarrassment for law enforcement agencies that had arrested Muslim suspects, and gave credibility to analysts who identify Hindu militancy as a threat to Indias security. India has long suffered violence from extremist attacks based on separatists and secessionist movements, as well as ideological disagreements. The precise number of groups orchestrating attacks in India is hard to ascertain because of the splintering movements, but the country faces violence perpetrated by dozen of extremist groups. Over the past five decades, it has been up against three different types of militancy: Left-wing extremists, separatists and religious. The left-wing extremist groups that have engaged in terrorist activity include the Peoples Guerrilla Army (PGA), Peoples War Group (PWG), Maoist Communist Centre (MCC), Communist Party of India (Maoist) and Communist Party of India (Janashakti). The separatists groups are engaged in northeast India, Punjab and the Indian held Kashmir (IHK). In Assam, there are at least 35 known separatist groups. In Manipur, there is the Peoples Liberation Army. In Meghalaya, there is the Peoples Liberation Front of Meghalaya. Nagaland has at least three known insurgent entities; Punjab has 12; Tripura has 30; and Mizoram has 2. Then there is the Arunachal Dragon Force (ADF) in Arunachal Pradesh. Apart from these, a new source of terrorism involving a radical Hindu fringe is also emerging in India; there is no doubt that hate against the Muslim minority in India has led to this type of terrorism. The Hindu extremist parties, including Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) and Bajrang Dal, want the 'majoritarian transformation of India, whereby the primacy of just one community (Hindu) can be asserted over all the others. In other words, it was this agenda of extremist Hindus, which allowed them to engage in violent activities. They want India to be a full-fledged Hindu state with the superiority of Hindus over other communities. For this purpose, they usually employ three techniques: Banish all minorities out of India; or force them to convert into Hinduism; and if they do not accept these two conditions, then kill them to purge Bharat of the people other than the Hindus. Thus, all the dedicated Hindus are following these lines. In Assam, there is an ongoing campaign to label all the Bengali speaking people as 'foreigners in order to throw them out of India. Similarly, the movement of forced conversion to Hinduism is going on in different states such as Gujarat, Orissa and Karnataka. For instance, recently Hindus forced the people of Orissa and Karnataka to either convert to Hinduism or leave the Indian States. The third tactic of killing the minorities in case of dissent to the two other techniques is going on. Hindus from time to time had arranged the massacre of Muslims and Christians in different states. Since 1993, the Bajrang Dal cadre has been involved in bomb making; they were arrested in Madhya Pradesh in the same year and now there are cases from as far as Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Bal Thackeray, in the groups weekly magazine named Prabodhan, wrote: The Hindus should defend themselves from Islamist attacks by forming their own squads of suicide bombers. It is a positive development that India has eager looking at its indigenous threat in a realistic manner and hopefully this shall go a long way in addressing the malady. India has remained in a long denial that cross border terrorism was at the core of terror threat faced by India. It is because of this anomaly the countrys security agencies have failed to evolve a clear and comprehensive strategy to combat homegrown terrorism. So, instead of blaming Pakistan for every ill that takes place in India, New Delhi should take steps to tackle terrorism in an efficient manner.