ISLAMABAD (APP) - The Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) for primary schools (age 5-9) has remained constant at 91 percent between 2006-07 and 2008-09. The Net Enrolment Rate (NER) was 57 percent in 2008-09, substantially lower than the Gross Enrolment Rate because of the enrolment of overage children in primary school; however, it has also increased as compared to 2006-07 (from 56 percent), Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey 2008-09 of Federal Bureau of Statistics (FBS) issue here revealed. Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey (PSLM), 2008-09 was the fifth round of a series of surveys planned to be conducted up to 2015. The survey has been conducted with the aim to provide data for use by the government in formulating the poverty reduction strategy as well as development plans at district level and rapid assessment of programmes initiated under Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and Medium Term Development Framework (MTDF) in the overall context of MDGs. The survey has been conducted covering approximately 75,188 households to provide indicators in the sectors such as education, health, water supply and sanitation and household economic situation and satisfaction by facilities and services use. The fieldwork was carried out between August 2008 and April 2009. This report provides information on the key social indicators at national, as well as at provincial levels with urban/ rural breakdown in comparison with the information of the earlier rounds of PSLM survey in order to assess the trends of the key indicators. The report contains five chapters. These are: introduction, education, health, housing, water supply & sanitation, household perception of economic situation and satisfaction by facilities and services use. The PSLM collects information on enrolment in all types of schools like public and private. The PSLM round shows increase in the share of primary enrollments that are in government schools. The overall share has increased from 69 percent in 2006-07 to 70 percent in 2008-09, while the GER (Age 10-12) for middle level has increased from 51 percent to 53 percent where as the NER has also increased from 18 percent to 20 percent. There remains a significant difference between urban and rural areas in middle level enrolment rates, the survey said. It said that the increase in Matric Level (Age 13-14) GER is from 48 percent to 54 percent and NER has increased from 10 percent to 12 percent. The survey further revealed that the comparison of different GERs and NERs above has been carried out using official age group brackets at Primary, Middle and Matric levels, which according to analysts are not realistic. Keeping this in view tables for GERs and NERs have also been worked out using different age brackets recommended by the Technical Committee formed by the government few years back. The NER with the revised age brackets show improvements over the official age groups. There has been an increase in the proportion of persons (10 years & above) who report that they are literate. This has risen from 55 percent in 2006-07 to 57 percent in the 2008-09. Adult literacy (15 years & above) has also been worked out which shows an increase from 52 percent in 2006-07 to 54 percent in 2008-09, the survey said. In Health sector, the PSLM Survey 2008-09-report included sickness/injuries, immunization, diarrhoea and the use of pre and post-natal services. The sickness / injuries show the prevalence rate of 6.32 percent in 2008-09 as compared to 6.27 percent in 2006-07. In 95.79 percent cases these people visited health consultants in 2008-09 as compared to 94.44 percent in 2006-07.The immunization coverage that is based on record of immunizations given to the children shows a slight rise from 50 to 51 percent in the proportion of one year old who are fully immunized. Full immunization rates based on recall and record showed increase in coverage, from 76 to 78 percent. Urban areas show an increase from 85 to 87 percent in full immunization, and increase in rural areas is from 73 to 74 percent during the reference period. There has been a decrease in the proportion of children under five suffering from diarrhoea i.e. from 11 percent to 10 percent but Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has shown increase from 8 percent in 2006-07 to 10 percent in 2008-09. The use of oral re-hydration solution (ORS) to treat children with diarrhoea has increased from 76 percent in 2006-07 to 79 percent in 2008-09. Similarly, the Pre-natal consultation has considerably increased from 53 percent in 2006-07 to 58 percent in 2008-09 during their last pregnancy. Prenatal consultations were much more common in urban than in rural areas but there is also improvement. The frequency of post-natal consultations of 25 percent in 2008-09 is comparatively lower than the frequency of pre-natal check-ups. Some 68 percent of pregnant women received Tetanus Toxoid injection in 2008-09 compared to 56 percent in 2006-07. The analysis of housing units by tenure reveal that 87 percent of households have their own houses and 6 percent live on rented accommodation. In PSLM 2008-09 the comparison of housing units by number of rooms with the PSLM 2006-07 data indicate that housing units with one room have shown decrease from 24.33 percent to 22.79 percent, 2-4 rooms increased from 69 percent to 71 percent and more than five rooms decreased marginally from 6.62 percent to 6.50 percent. Similarly the PSLM indicated that housing units having electricity (as sources of lighting) have increased from 87 percent to 91 percent and gas (as cooking food) have increased marginally from 30 percent to 31 percent. However it indicated that there has been deterioration in tap water supplies from 36 percent to 35 percent between 2006-07 and 2008-09. The large differences between the provinces in drinking water supplies are observed, with Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa depending most on the poorest sources. Access to flush toilets has improved in rural areas from 41 percent to 47 percent between 2006-07 and 2008-09. Improvements appear to be concentrated in Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Households with no toilet in rural areas have declined significantly from 39 percent to 33 percent in overall Pakistan. Household Perception of Economic Situation and Satisfaction by Facilities and Services Households were asked to compare their economic situation with last year.