ISLAMABAD - In order to strengthen vigilance on audit reporting on financial statements by auditors and to safeguard investors/stakeholders’ interests, the SECP has directed all non-listed companies categorised as economically significant companies to appoint their statutory external auditors from chartered accountants (CA) firms holding satisfactory rating under the Quality Control Review (QCR) Programme of the ICAP with effect from July 1, 2012. 
Keeping in view the international practices and to develop and maintain compliance of professional standards amongst CA firms engaged in audit of economically significant companies, SECP has introduced mandatory requirement for the non-listed companies designated as economically significant companies in terms of clause 2 (iii) of the Fifth Schedule to the 1984 Companies Ordinance to appoint as its statutory external auditors a CA firm within the meaning of the 1961 Chartered Accountants Ordinance and the 1983 Chartered Accountants Bye-Laws, which holds satisfactory rating under the Quality Control Review Programme of ICAP with effect from financial year beginning on or after July 1, 2012.
It is pertinent to mention here that Clause 2(iii) of the Fifth Schedule to the Ordinance provides that ‘economically significant company’ means a company that has: (a) turnover in excess of Rs1 billion, excluding other income (b) number of employees in excess of 750; and (c) total borrowings (excluding trade creditors and accrued liabilities) in excess of Rs 500 million: Provided that in order to be treated as economically significant any two of the criterion mentioned in (a), (b) and (c) above have to be met.

The criteria followed will be based on the previous year’s audited financial statements. Companies can be excluded from this category where they do not fall under the aforementioned criteria for two consecutive years.