WASHINGTON - The United States is sending $110 million in emergency aid for tens of thousands of Pakistanis displaced by military operations to clear the Swat region of violent Taliban militants, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Tuesday. Hillary detailed the aid package at the White House - $100 million from State Department and $10 million from the Pentagon, saying the US stands with the people of Pakistan and the democratic government in their struggle against insurgents. Here is how the State department says its $100 million is allocated: n $20 million from the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance to provide family relief kits, tents, FM radios, and generators that will provide light and water. n $26 million for the immediate purchase of wheat, other food, and related items from local sources. n $17 million from Food for Progress for 50,000 tons of wheat arriving in May and June. n $10 million to respond to forthcoming emergency appeals by the United Nations. n $15 million for shipments of food items such as lentils, dried peas, and other basic foodstuffs. n $12 million for an emergency response centre for direct humanitarian needs. The $10 million from the Defence department will be used for water trucks, halal food, and large tents with environmental units, such as air-conditioning, for hot weather. The White House said Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gillani had appointed Lt-General Nadeem Ahmad to lead the Pakistani relief effort. He was highly praised for his work in the relief effort after the 2005 earthquake in Azad Kashmir. The White House said $100 million in aid would flow from Hillarys State Department, with $10 million is coming from the Pentagon. The largest single expenditure is $26m for the immediate purchase of wheat, other food and related items produced in Pakistan, the White House statement said. Hillary Clinton, making the announcement at the White House, said the US and Pakistan face common threat. She saw a determined effort by the Pakistani government to flush out militants and acknowledged an across-the-board political backing for the anti-militant campaign. The democratic government and the Opposition have realised the threat from the militants getting closer Islamabad. There is national mood change on the part of the Pakistani people. There is a recognition that this is no longer a part remote from Pakistan major city areas, she added. She also asked Americans to contribute to the US humanitarian aid for Pakistan by text messaging. The chief US diplomat said the Obama Administration is engaged with Pakistan in wide-ranging areas to help it ride out challenges facing it in the form of violent extremism. The future of Pakistan is extremely important to the security of the US, she stated. At the same time, Hillary reminded the world that the US and international community were also partly responsible for the situation Pakistan finds itself in with regard to Al-Qaeda and Taliban extremists. The US, she said, turned its back on Pakistan once the Soviet Union left Afghanistan after the two countries supported the Mujahideen in the 1980s and left Pakistan alone to deal with a spate of problems. Pakistan, the biggest victim of terrorism in the last two years, is looking after around 1.5 million internally-displaced persons, who had to leave their homes in the wake of insurgent violence and the resultant government action. AFP/Reuters add: US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Pakistanis had recognised that extremists were no longer just a problem in distant areas but in population centres close to major cities, as in the Swat Valley. Were doing this because the future of Pakistan is extremely important to the United States, Hillary told a Press conference at the White House. The advance of extremism is a threat to our security. I am very encouraged by the comments the Prime Minister (Yousuf Raza Gilani) has made, that Opposition leaders like former prime minister (Nawaz) Sharif have made, she said as she announced aid for Pakistanis displaced by the fighting. There is a real national mood change on the part of the Pakistani people that we are watching and obviously are encouraged by, she said. This is a potential direct threat to their way of life in Pakistan. She heaped praise on the Pakistans military operation against Taliban and other extremist elements in the Swat Valley and elsewhere in Pakistan. This is a tough battle, I dont think anybody should underestimate how difficult it is for the Pakistani military, to wage this battle in very challenging terrain. She also described the last three decades of US policy towards Pakistan as incoherent, saying that the US had worked with Pakistan to arm the Mujahideen fighters who helped drive the Soviet Union from Afghanistan in the 1980s only to effectively abandon both countries. She said that US President Barack Obama was determined to forge a long-term partnership with Pakistan to confront Al-Qaeda militants who are believed to have fled Afghanistan, where they plotted the Sept 11 attacks, to Pakistan. I think that it is fair to say that our policy towards Pakistan over the last 30 years has been incoherent, she told reporters. I mean, I dont know any other word to use. We have walked away from Pakistan before with consequences that have not been in the best interests of our security, and we are determined that we are going to forge a partnership with the people of Pakistan and their democratically-elected government against extremism, she added. Pakistan is facing a major humanitarian crisis, she said. Approximately two million people have fled their homes. Pakistan can succeed in coping with the crisis but only if the international community and the US do its share, the chief US diplomat said. Providing this assistance is not only the right thing to do but we believe it is essential to global security and the security of the US and we are prepared to do more as the situation demands, she told reporters. Patrick Duplat, responsible for Pakistan at the Refugees International aid group, welcomed the US aid but said more money was needed. Clearly it is a welcome announcement. One hundred million dollars is very positive, he said, but he noted that with an estimated 2 million people now displaced within Pakistan, 1.5 million just in the last three weeks, more money was needed. He also said the US was partly responsible for the exodus from Swat. It is Pakistans war but no doubt the United States has a special responsibility in it because it has encouraged the government to crack down on Taliban militants, he said. The United States cares deeply about the stabilisation of Pakistan and it is convinced that the internal insurgency represents probably the single biggest danger to that and to US interests in the region, said Teresita Schaffer of the Centre for Strategic and International Studies think-tank. It is true that the US had encouraged the government of Pakistan to take action, but if you were that government and you saw a bunch of people basically trying to usurp your authority and slit the throats of your cops, (I would think you) would have ample motivation to reassert the authority of the state, Schaffer added.