Remains of Indus civilisation have been discovered during an ongoing excavation on ancient Sikandar South in Dera Ismail Khan. A team of archaeologists were engaged in digging at a unique site there in collaboration with Department of Archeology of University of Peshawar and the Directorate of Archaeology and Museums Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Very interestingly, this site excavation has proved that Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the birthplace of the Indus Valley Civilisation.

A month ago through this project, the excavation at the Harrapan site Rakhighari, near Haryana, has unearthed four complete human skeletons thought to date back some 5,000 years, as well as discovering a new burial mound, which makes the site the largest known Harrapan urban centre. The Secretary Archaeology and Museums, Azam Khan has made it clear that the provincial government is committed to protect and preserve the ancient archaeological remains and other historic places in the province. He has assured archaeologists and researchers of support in conducting excavations through modern and new research methods.

Pakistan lags behind drastically in realising the importance of preserving and understanding the value of ancient civilisations, and these developments are heartening. Our history does not start with 1947, or with Muhammed bin Qasim’s glorified conquest of Sindh. Our heritage goes back to the Indus Valley Civilisation, one of the first peoples to build the great cities of Moenjadaro and Harappa, with a complex language and mathematical system. These lands are the home to Buddhism and Hinduism, as well as their precursor faiths. Moreover, centuries of invasions – from diverse cultures such as Greek, Arab and Mongol – have also left visible marks across the land.

These facts make Pakistan a racial and cultural melting pot, with a unique identity grounded in one of the world’s oldest civilisations. We have proof of our historical heritage going back more than four millennia- a true history to unite us, not matter what our caste or creed.