ISLAMABAD (APP) - Chief Justice of Pakistan Abdul Hameed Dogar has urged the judges of lower courts to ensure speedy provision of justice as they were the initial custodians of the rights of people.He was addressing a certificate awarding ceremony to the twenty senior most district and sessions judges at the end of one-week re-orientation course arranged by Federal Judicial Academy (FJA). Chief Justice of Pakistan said that district judiciary was the backbone of the judicial system as the bulk of litigation ended there.He was of the view that by doing justice with tinges of personal dedication and integrity, they would be doing justice with themselves without pinches of conscience. "The judges are already under oath to do justice without fear or favour,ill-will or affection," he emphasised. He said there was heavy pendency of cases at every tier of the judicial hierarchy, the judicial officers should find out ways and means to meet this every rising challenge. Referring to the improvement in service conditions in the matter of upgradation of posts and grant of various allowances of judges, he said a special judicial allowance equivalent to three times of initial pay of the scale of the judicial officers had been sanctioned in Punjab province. "Other provincial governments will be asked to make provision of the similar allowances by making special allocations of funds for the purpose," he added. Chief Justice also noted with concern that despite his instructions to the judicial officers to write research papers, least attention was being paid. He stressed upon the participants to enhance vision and perspective over the legal matters and the judicial officers should adopt a habit of writing research papers. He also praised the role of Federal Judicial Academy for arranging training and re-orientation courses for the judicial officers. Director General of the FJA Moazzam Hayat presented an overview of the re-orientation course.He said FJA would continue to serve the judicial officers across the country by enhancing their understanding of the legal matters. Saghir Ahmed Qadri, District and Session Judge Multan expressed his views on behalf of participants. Justice Mian Shakirullah Jan and Justice Chaudhry Ejaz Yousuf, judges of the Supreme Court of Pakistan were also present during the ceremony.Twenty district and sessions judges including seven from Punjab, five from Sindh two among them females, three from NWFP, two from Balochistan, two from AJK and one from Northern Areas received certificates in the ceremony at the concluding session of one-week re-orientation course.