Bruce O. Riedel, a former CIA officer and a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, who led a policy review for President Barack Obama in 2009, in his article titled 'A New Pakistan Policy: Containment, published in the New York Times on October 14, has this to say in the opening paragraph America needs a new policy for dealing with Pakistan. First, we must recognize that the two countries interests are in conflict, not harmony, and will remain that way as long as Pakistans army controls Pakistans strategic policies. We must contain the Pakistani Armys ambitions until real civilian rule returns and Pakistanis set a new direction for their foreign policy. Riedel suggested military assistance to Pakistan be deeply cut and that while regular contacts between US and Pakistani officers can continue, but not under the delusion that the two countries are allies. He even suggested cutting civilian aid and offering tariff reductions instead, to lure entrepreneurs and women, two groups who he thinks are outside armys control. Quoting and supporting Admiral (now retired) Mike Mullen, he goes on to say It is time to move to a policy of containment, which would mean a more hostile relationship. But it should be a focused hostility, aimed not at hurting Pakistans people but at holding its army and intelligence branches accountable. When we learn that an officer from Pakistans Inter-Services Intelligence, or ISI, is aiding terrorism, whether in Afghanistan or India, we should put him on wanted lists, sanction him at the United Nations and, if he is dangerous enough, track him down. About Pakistan Army, he said They have sidelined and intimidated civilian leaders elected in 2008. They seem to think Pakistan is invulnerable, because they control NATO supply line from Karachi to Kabul and have nuclear weapons. The generals also think time is on their side NATO is doomed to give up in Afghanistan, leaving them free to act as they wish there and that the sooner America leaves, the better it will be for Pakistan. He saw no chance of a political solution in Afghanistan because, in his view, ISI will veto any arrangement it did not like. He emphasized the need to build up Afghan Army that could control the insurgency with long-term NATO assistance and minimal combat troops. He advised helping bring about improved India-Pak relations and even suggested encouraging India to be more conciliatory on Kashmir, by easing border controls and releasing prisoners: just cosmetic changes and not really what the Kashmiris rightfully demand. In the concluding paragraph, Riedel says For far too long we have banked on the Pakistani Army to protect our interests Now we need to contain that armys aggressive instincts, while helping those who want a progressive Pakistan and keeping up the fight against terrorism. The writer completely ignored the fact that Pakistan Army suffered over 5,000 fatalities which is more than the combined fatalities of the US and its over forty accomplices. He also failed to take account of the fact that a premature withdrawal of the US and its allies is not in Pakistans interest because it will again leave us to deal with the mess like the earlier one that followed USSR departure from Afghanistan, for which we are still paying dearly. He also ignored over 30,000 civilian casualties and our $68 billion economic losses in the current round alone due to siding with the US against approximately $ 60 billion received in aid from the US in over sixty years. The writer wants the US to declare and wage a war on Pakistan army and intelligence agencies that the US has been unable to tame, while bolstering the civilian government which they find far more 'cooperative. The Americans are just hoping that like before, using their 'shock and awe tactics, they will force us to not to resist them until the time we are overwhelmed and then they will do to us what they like, safe from their bases in Afghanistan as well as through their networks in Pakistan, which they are establishing fast. I sincerely hope we are not fooled by the Americans again, and again and yet again. S.R.H. HASHMI, Karachi, October 17.