THE Central Development Working Party has, in its inaugural meeting for 2007-8, approved 51 schemes with a total cost of Rs 262.4 billion. The highlight of the meeting was its approval of land acquisition for the Bhasha-Diamer Dam at a cost of Rs 116 billion. This is the very first step towards the construction of the Dam, and must be welcomed by all true Pakistanis, especially in these times. First of all, there is an ongoing power crisis, which will not be solved when the 4500 MW of planned power come online, because by then, as much as eight years from now, the demand-supply gap would have increased correspondingly. Similarly, with India having stopped the supply of Chenab water to Pakistan, the new Dam's storage capacity will be equally welcome, but it will not solve the problem, for which India must learn that it must abide by the Indus Waters Treaty which it signed back in 1960.True, this is the biggest project of Pakistan, at $8 million, in terms of cost, which is being met from indigenous resources mainly because India showed its new friendliness by opposition to a loan at the World Bank Board of Directors. However, the enthusiasm over the new project, should blind no one to the fact that a project with much the same yield in terms of power generation and irrigation water storage capacity, and which was found eminently feasible in the relevant necessary studies, has been shelved. This eminently suitable project is the Kalabagh Dam Project, which was pushed aside by the Musharraf government after decades of delay, in favour of the Bhasha-Diamer Dam Project, though the latter is no substitute for the former, and even though the demands of the population and the land for more power and more water are such that it will have to be built, but will not meet that demand. The present government must rise above narrow provincial prejudices and should be ready to initiate the building of the Kalabagh project, just as it has initiated the Bhasha-Diamer Project.