UNITED NATIONS - China on Monday pledged $100 million dollars in humanitarian aid to address the world’s biggest refugee crisis and said a $1 billion fund it has set up with the United Nations could also be used for that purpose.

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang made the pledge at the first-ever UN summit on refugees and migrants, called to agree on an international response to the displacement crisis.

“China attaches great importance to and has taken an active part in addressing this issue,” Li told the gathering. “We are committed to shouldering our responsibilities compatible with our abilities,” he added.

The premier announced $100 million in humanitarian aid “on top of previous pledges” and said his government was considering “setting aside the China-UN Peace and Development Fund to help countries with that effort.”

China announced the creation of the $1 billion fund last year to support the work of the United Nations over the next 10 years.

Li described the plight of refugees suffering from hunger and disease as “a serious shock to the human conscience” and said “the spirit of humanitarianism must be carried forward.”

Meanwhile, Japan will provide $2.8 billion to help deal with the global refugee crisis over three years from 2016, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said on Monday.

Abe made the new pledge at a United Nations summit on refugees on the sidelines of the annual UN General Assembly. He said the money would be for “humanitarian and self-reliance assistance” for refugees and migrants, and go to help host countries and communities.

Abe said current refugee and migrant movements were unprecedented and amounted to “serious ongoing humanitarian crises.” He said Japan wanted to collaborate closely with other countries.

At last year’s General Assembly, Abe said Japan would provide about $1.6 billion to assist Syrians and Iraqis displaced by war and for building peace across the Middle East and Africa.

While Japan has been a major donor in helping deal with an international crisis presented by a record 21.3 million refugees globally, it has taken in only a tiny number of refugees itself.

Abe said Japan had been providing assistance to Syrian refugees and host communities in various countries, including Turkey and Jordan. He said as part of its efforts to promote self reliance, it was providing vocational training in central Lebanon to Syrian refugees and Lebanese youth in cooperation with the UN refugee agency. It was also assisting the UN Development Program with irrigation projects, Abe said.