Four major rivers receive 23pc less water flows
Islamabad – Four major rivers have received 23 percent less water flows than the 10 years average during the first 70 days of the ongoing Rabi season.
The four major rivers received 23 percent less water than the 10 years average water flows from October 1 to December 10, official sources told The Nation on Monday.
The Indus River received 11 percent less flows than the 10-year average, Kabul River received 55 percent less water, Jhelum River received 42 percent less water and Chanab River received 9 percent less water than the 10 years average, according to the sources. Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa received 17 percent and 15 percent less water than its share during the first 70 days of the ongoing Rabi season, said an official. Regarding the water shortage during the first 70 days of Rabi season, the official said that the actual water flows in rivers were 13 percent less than the anticipated.
In November, due to the water shortage, the Indus River System Authority (Irsa) upward revised the water shortage and anticipated that provinces will face 36 percent shortage during the Rabi season instead of the early forecast of 20 percent. It was anticipated that the country will receive 23.96 MAF against the early estimation of 29.48 MAF. The Water Accord 1991 empowered the Irsa to determine water availability in the country and allocate provincial share twice a year, once for Kharif and the other for Rabi seasons. The Rabi season starts from October 1 and Kharif from April 1.
Balochistan and KP were exempted from cuts in the share, therefore, the water shortage is being distributed between Sindh and Punjab. Under the 1991 water accord, both Balochistan and KP are going to get their full share of 1.9 MAF and the remaining water will be distributed between Punjab and Sindh.
As per the estimates, during the Rabi season, Punjab will get 12.6 MAF water against the earlier allocation of 15.72 MAF while Sindh will get 9.5 MAF against the allocation of 11.9 MAF.
The official said that the total share of the provinces was 13.89 MAF, from October 1 to December 10 but the provinces have received 14.43 MAF which was four percent higher than their share. Punjab and Sindh received more water than its share while Balochistan and KP received less water than their share. The share of Punjab was 7.63 MAF and it’s intend was 7.99 MAF. Punjab has received releases of 7.99 MAF which was five percent higher than its share. Sindh received seven percent extra water as its share was 5.23 MAF and it’s intend was 5.58 MAF.
He said that during the period under review Balochistan’s share was 0.70 MAF and it’s intend was 0.58 MAF. Since the province intend was 0.58 MAF, therefore, it has received 17 percent less water than its share.
During the same period last year, Punjab received 8.68 MAF water which was 2 percent higher than its share of 8.47 MAF, Sindh received 6.52 MAF water which was 6 percent higher than its share of 6.17 MAF. Balochistan received 42 percent less water than its share of 0.58 MAF water receiving 0.32 MAF water. KP got 17 percent extra water as it received 0.53 MAF against its share of 0.32 MAF.