‘Literature is actual reflection of society’

KARACHI – The last day of international Urdu conference started with the session on “An analyses in Urdu Journalism” at arts Council of Pakistan.

The session was chaired by Shamim Hanif from India, Qazi Afzal Hussain and Anwar Ahmed where Qazi Afzal Hussain, Ali Ahmed Fatmi, Najeba Arif, Sarwar Javed and Shadab Ahsani read their articles and Faheem Shanas Kazmi hosted the session.

“Literature is not personal opinion or beliefs it is the actual reflection of society how people think and believe and the experience of people. Civilization cannot move in one direction but it has many dimensions like the light of sun it is a complex concept. We are living at a small point in universe and we have been divided it into further sectors like religion, beliefs, cultures, philosophies and literature. We usually opt to write what we believe and ignore the opposition,” said Shamim Hanfi, a renowned writer from India.

He further included that Urdu criticism is not much adopted it is borrowed from the west unfortunately we have a few such writers who are also critic in real terms. A critic must be a creator and if he has lack of creativity he is not a critic, he added.

Qazi Afzal Hussain said that we don’t know the actual meaning of word that a writer said, people take it in their own prospective. If a poet says or write something people explain it in the way they feel. We are the consumer of theories and terminologies. Language plays a waste role in the society, evaluation and changing is something planned not accidental, he added.

Prof Anwar Ahmed said that criticism is important for the health of literature if someone asks me whether creativity is important or critic I’ll prefer criticism on creativity. He further added west is producing literature and knowledge and we are consuming that. There is lot of work being done in the every filed of life in west and researches are conducted while we are not doing anything.

Democracy is not only surrounded society, it also surrounded language and impact on it. We should speak and communicate in soft and understandable language.

Dr Ali Ahmed Fatmi said we can see a wide range of criticism in the books of Mumtaz Mufti and Sajjad Zaheer, criticism shod be with truth. Progressive criticisms develop a new relation between discussion and criticism. New literature and civilization always need criticism it bridge the bridges between gaps. Najeeba Arif Said the issue of civilization is only bound to any ethnic group or society it is the issue of every individual. Civilization is a collective theory of social norms and ethics. We cannot direct the direction of civilizations. Sarwer Javed said when criticism demise, literature also demise. Progressive literature is demising and progressive criticism is also demising.

The second session was dedicated to the writers who have been passed away in the recent years these included Nayer Massod, Khaliq Anjum, Ibrahim Joyo, Shan al HaqHaqi, Nida Fazli, Tasadaq Sohail Farukh Bukhari and Masood Ahmed Barkati. The narrators were Shamim Hanfi, Qazi Fazal Hussain, Syed Mazhar Jamil, Jazab Qurashi, Pirzada Salman, Dr Jamal Naqvi, Prof Mujeeb Anwar Hameedi and Arfan Siddiqui.

Shamim Hanfi said that Nayeer Masood was a great personality, when I was student I met his father and latter with him. Hussain said Khaliq Anjum has a rebellion mind, he struggled through his life for Urdu language one of his most beautiful work was collecting and publishing the latter’s of Mirza Galib, He travelled the way Galib travelled. He wrote more than 65 books and managed contact with hundreds of writers around the globe.

Mazhar Jameel speaks on the work on famous Sindhi language writer and scholar Ibrahim Joyo. Ibrahim Joyo was a critic, researcher, historian and translator. He said that Ibrahim Joyo paved the way of Sindhi language and all the writers that write in Sindhi language followed him in the language. He believes on the writing in the mother language. He never own an inch of land or buy any house in his last days he lives in a servant quarters and never owe a car or bike he like to walk more.

Jazaib Qurashi Said that Shanul Haq was a great poet and lexicographer. He had a great grip on Urdu language and he wished to bring and use word from all the languages in the Urdu language so that the Urdu language can be acceptable for everyone. He also translated different languages poetry into Urdu language, he writes short stories, poetry and comic essays. Meanwhile, Pirzada Salman spoke on Nida Fazli and Arfan Javed on Tasadaq Sohail. Dr Jamal Naqvi on Farukh Bukhari and Prof Majeeb Anwar Hameedi on Masood Ahmed Barkati.

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