Kashmir dispute

Since independence in 1947, Pakistan and India have been involved in a number of wars, conflicts and military standoffs. However, the Kashmir dispute is also one of the major cause behind the tense relations between Pakistan and India. Importantly, Kashmir valley contains majority of Muslims. In 1886, Dogra ruler Gulab Singh bought the state of Jammu and Kashmir for 75 million from the British under the treaty of Amritsar that was signed on March 16, 1846. Jammu Kashmir was the first region to witness the most horrific episodes of violation during 1947, Muslims were slaughtered and others were sent to west Punjab. Historians claim that killings were carried to change the demography in Kashmir valleys; the maharaja preferred to remain independent of the new dominions of India and Pakistan. At that time Muslims contributed more than 60% of the population of the occupied valley. According to the UN security council resolution, “the fate of Kashmir will be decided by the people of Kashmir.” Interestingly, Kashmir wants to become part of Pakistan but India maintained oppression and annexation over the valley. The Indian government always ruled tyranny and hegemony over Kashmiris. Whenever the people of the valley raised the voice for self-determination and a sovereign state, the Indian government tortured Kashmiris bitterly through the usage of bullet guns on protesters, imposed an emergency lockdown for a long tenure and isolated the valley from other regions. The Indian government have violated human rights in valley and continued their extremist and fascist reign over valley. It is pertinent to mention here that for demographic changes the government further deployed further additional troops into the valley.

In a nutshell, it can be recapitulated that Kashmir is a territory dispute. It can be resolved only through peace negotiations. Pakistan always tries to keep fraternal ties with India such as the inauguration of the Kartarpur Corridor and PM Imran stated that if India takes one step toward peace, Pakistan will take two. There is a dire need for the cooperation of international communities (China, Russia, USA, and UK) and international organisations. Meanwhile, both countries are already nuclear power if India did not resolve a dispute it will lead to the brink of a nuclear catastrophe which will be disastrous for the entire world.

BILAWAL BALOCH,

Bhan saeedabad.

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