Past in Perspective

“It has been my experience that law enforcement reports are littered with fabrications, inaccuracies, omissions, fraud, fantasies and willful blindness.”
–Steven Magee

The Munir-Kiyani report was set up by the government of Punjab in 1953 after the anti-Ahmadi riots fostered uncontrollable levels of violence, prompting the enforcement of the first martial law of the country. The rule of the military lasted for 70 days and a special inquiry was made into determining how the circumstances deteriorated to such a degree and who was the prime instigator. The report explored various avenues like the power-hungry actions of Mian Mumtaz Daultana, the Chief Minister of Punjab at the time, who was eager to assume the position of the PM. He used the religious tensions to draw attention away from the internal struggles of Punjab, like the food crisis and rising unemployment, and instead place it on the Ahmadiyya community. The report further challenges the ulema who put forth demands involving the removal of Zafarullah Khan and even, at some points, blames the community for bringing upon the crisis onto themselves. It is considered to be one of the most important documents released in regards to the history of minority groups in Pakistan.

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