ISLAMABAD - The government of Pakistan as well as United Nations lack a workable mechanism to tackle the problem of millions of illegal immigrants living in Pakistan with the focus to facilitate registered Afghan immigrants seemingly taking precedence over a host of other important factors pertaining to refugees from different origins sheltering unlawfully in this country while a UN report fails to provide the number of millions of illegal immigrants living in Pakistan. As the UN celebrated the World Refugees Day (Monday), the efforts initiated by the international body and Pakistani government regarding refugees management look predominantly Afghan refugees centric with minimum focus on other immigrant communities. Moreover, these efforts are restricted to facilitating the registered Afghan refugees without taking into account the plight of illegal ones. The joint operations to track, identify and proceed against illegal immigrants are nowhere in sight. Needless to mention that illegal immigrants in huge numbers from different countries are involved in serious criminal activities in Pakistan. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugeess (UNHCRs) 2010 Global Trends Report says Pakistan has the largest refugee populations at 1.9 million. The country also has the biggest economic impact with 710 refugees for each dollar of its per capita GDP. By comparison Germany, the industrialised country with the largest refugee population - nearly 600,000 people - has 17 refugees for each dollar of per capita GDP. The report says that the less developed countries host 80 per cent of the total refugee population. However, the report fails to bring into account the number of illegal immigrants that is far greater than that of legal immigrants (1.9 million). Since 2004, the US, Canada, Australia and UK have stopped facilitating Somalian refugees migrating from Pakistan who live here in abysmal living conditions. Dozens of Somalian families had staged a huge protest against a UN agency and its implementation partner NGO, accusing both of discrimination in dispensation of humanitarian funds, earlier this year. In the beginning of last year, The Nation had compiled unofficial data based on the information provided by Interior Ministry, Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) and Ministry of State and Frontiers Region (SAFRON) regarding the number of illegal immigrants in Pakistan. According to this data, more than 3.5 million illegal Afghan refugees are living in Pakistan while 500,000 to 800,000 illegal foreigners from Iran, Bangladesh, Somalia, Iraq, Burma, Nigera, Jordan, Central Asian Republics, Africa and Middle East origin are dwelling in different parts of Pakistan. Around 200,000 illegal Afghans are residing across Sindh, 500,000 in Punjab, 800,000 in Balochistan and 200,0000 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. On a rough estimate, four million to 4.2 million illegal expatriates from aforesaid countries and origins are living in Pakistan. All the efforts initiated by the UNHCR, SAFRON and other related bodies focus on registered Afghan refugees only. In January this year, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and SAFRON announced the formation of six subcommittees for pragmatic implementation of the Government of Pakistans Strategy for the Management of Afghans in Pakistan that was endorsed by the Pakistan cabinet on 24 March 2010. In February this year, the UNHCR had 'urged all registered Afghans to get renewed their Proof of Registration (PoR) cards. In March, the UNHCR and SAFRON had jointly conducted population verification surveys called Population Profiling, Verification and Response (PPVR) for around 1.7 million registered Afghans. In April, Afghanistans Commissionerate for Afghan Refugees (CAR) and UNHCR Pakistan organised a roundtable discussion on the implementation of registered Afghan refugees management. In the days ahead, under One UN Programme, UNHCR and the UN Childrens Fund (UNICEF) signed an agreement for enhanced collaboration to support mainstreaming services for Afghans. In the ongoing month, the UNHCR, United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) entered into partnership for mainstreaming Afghans in Pakistan. Just recently, the European Union signed an agreement with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) under One UN Programme for registered Afghans in Balochistan and KP.