GENEVA/ JERUSALEM - Diplomats from across the globe defended the United Nations Human Rights Council on Wednesday after the United States withdrew from a body it branded an anti-Israel “cesspool”.

Slovenian ambassador Vojislav Suc, who currently holds the council’s rotating presidency and has been pushing a faltering reform drive, described the Geneva-based chamber as the best place to trigger action on dangerous rights crises. “Let me say it very clearly, if human rights issues are not discussed here, in this very room, they have little chance to be dealt with meaningfully anywhere else,” he told the council’s 38th session, hours after Washington announced its pullout.

Suc further praised the 47-member council as the “only intergovernmental body responding to human rights issues and situations worldwide.”

The council confirmed Wednesday evening that it had received a formal notification from Washington of the resignation of its membership.

“Action will now be taken by the UN General Assembly to elect a new member to replace the United States for the remainder of its term,” which had been set to expire next year, the council said in a statement.

China, which has on multiple occasions voiced support for multilateral institutions abandoned by US President Donald Trump, portrayed the council as “a major body... to promote the realisation of human rights”.

“All delegations attach great importance to this body,” said Chinese ambassador to the UN in Geneva, Yu Jianhua. China currently sits on the council and rights groups have repeatedly criticised Beijing for seeking to stifle criticism of its own conduct.

The European Union assured that it “remains steadfastly and reliably committed to the Human Rights Council,” and said it would continue to try to fix the body’s problems despite the US withdrawal.

Russia’s foreign ministry had earlier accused the US of “gross cynicism” and “disregard” for the UN.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and UN ambassador Nikki Haley announced the decision on Wednesday, making good on a threat Haley made in Geneva a year ago. They said their calls for change, notably to fix “hypocrisy” and “unrelenting bias” against Israel were ignored. Membership of the council, established in 2006 to replace the disgraced Human Rights Commission, has long been controversial. Current members include Burundi, the Philippines and Venezuela - all nations accused of massive abuses against civilians.

But the main US objection was the council’s Agenda Item 7, which mandates discussion of Israel at each of the three annual sessions.

Israel is the only country recorded as a dedicated agenda item. While Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu praised the US withdrawal, experts and diplomats have noted that without US pushback, resolutions approving investigations of Israel’s conduct in the Occupied Palestinian Territories could multiply.

Palestinians slam US

A senior Palestinian official said Wednesday the United States was advancing "international anarchy" after it withdrew from the United Nations Human Rights Council over its alleged bias against Israel.

Palestine Liberation Organisation secretary general Saeb Erekat said the US move aligned it with "Israel's colonisation of Palestine, rather than the rule of international law and UN resolutions."

The US on Tuesday announced its decision to leave the council, condemning the "hypocrisy" of its members and its alleged "unrelenting bias" against Israel.

The Geneva-based body was established in 2006 to promote and protect human rights worldwide, with its focus on Israeli behaviour towards Palestinians in the territory it occupies in the West Bank and in the Gaza Strip infuriating Washington.

"The Trump administration continues its efforts to promote international anarchy by withdrawing from the UN Human Rights Council," Erekat said in a statement. He noted that the move came after the United States failed to "normalise" Israeli settlement expansion and "other systematic violations of Palestinian national and human rights".

Israel welcomed the US decision, with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu calling the UN Human Rights Council a "biased, hostile, anti-Israel organisation".

"Instead of dealing with regimes that systematically violate human rights, the UNHRC obsessively focuses on Israel, the one genuine democracy in the Middle East," Netanyahu said.

Israel is the only country that has a dedicated agenda item at council meetings, one defended in particular by the Arab bloc of countries.

The Palestinians have frozen all official diplomatic ties with the United States since Trump's decision in December to move the American embassy in Israel to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv.

Erekat said the Palestinians would "continue to work with the international community and organisations" despite "the threats and tactics of intimidation and extortion by the Trump administration."