The acid violence is one of the most reprehensible forms of crime, which involves throwing acidic substance at the victims. It not only causes disfiguration of face, but also has a calamitous effect on the lives of victims and their families. Generally, the offenders commit such crimes after due planning. Although it occurs against women, children and men, but most frequently is directed against women. The effects of acid violence are innumerable, which include disfigurement of face, loss of eyes and limbs, corrosion of organs, and subsequent infections. In addition to the expected mental trauma, survivors also face social segregation and exclusion, which further injures their confidence and acutely undermine their public and private lives forever. It is unfortunate that presently there is no comprehensive legislation on acid violence. Therefore, such crimes are covered under Section 332 - Hurt of Pakistan Penal Code 1860; Section 335 - Itlaf-i-salahiyyat-i-udw (permanent disfigurement) that falls within the ambit of grievous hurt; and Section 336 - Punishment for the offence in which the offender is liable to Arsh (payment to victim) and may also be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term that can extend to 10 years. On May 10, 2011, the National Assembly of Pakistan passed a bill titled The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2011. The statement of objects and reasons states: The crime of throwing acid on women is becoming more common and recurring day by day. The main cause is the absence of proper legislation on this subject. Therefore, criminal minded people are constantly using it, as a dangerous and devastating arm against women. In view of these circumstances, there has been an increasing need to make comprehensive legislation in this regard. However, the law is not gender-specific and the proposed Act is pending before the Senate of Pakistan. The proposed Act 2011 is an excellent piece of legislation, which amends and inserts the following into the Pakistan Penal Code 1860 and the Code of Criminal Procedure 1898. Firstly, it inserts in Section 332 the explanation of disfigurement of face or disfigurement or dismemberment of any organ. Secondly, the insertion of new Section 336(A) and 336(B) in Penal Code, wherein the Section 336(A) - hurt caused by corrosive substance - is explained and under the explanation corrosive substance is defined as a substance, which may destroy, cause hurt, deface, or dismember any organ of the human body and includes every kind of acid, poison, explosive or explosive substance, heating substance, noxious thing, arsenic or any other chemical that has a corroding effect and is deleterious to human body. Further, Section 336(B) - Punishment for hurt by corrosive substance - is imprisonment for life or imprisonment of either description, which shall not be less than 14 years and a minimum fine of Rs1 million. It is a commendable piece of legislation on acid violence and will have preventive effect on the intending offenders. Thirdly, Section 4 of the proposed Act amends Schedule II of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1898 and inserts the following important entries; the police may arrest the accused without warrant of arrest issued by the court; the offence is not bailable; the offence is non-compoundable, which means the victim cannot agree for a consideration not to prosecute (however, victims are obligated not to prosecute offenders due to the pressure of accused side); life imprisonment or imprisonment not less than 14 years and minimum fine of Rs1 million; and the Court of Session will be the trial court. This was a long-awaited legislation, which should have been passed years ago. Since May 2011, it is pending before the Senate and, hopefully, will be passed in the near future. This new legislation should be advocated and explained through the print and electronic media to achieve the desired goals. It will act as a deterrent for intending offenders and will convey a clear message that there are serious consequences for those who will commit such heinous crimes, particularly directed against women. The writer is a barrister practicing in Islamabad and has been visiting lecturer of law at NUST Business School and Bahria University, Islamabad. Email: barristerafzal@gmail.com