That the Punjab Energy Department has planned 3000MW of energy projects is good news that will help tackle the energy crisis. It is also encouraging that so many projects are based on renewable energy, indicating a shift away from thermal energy, so far the dominant means of tackling power shortages. Thermal power units are powered by environmentally unfriendly and expensive furnace oil, which has to be imported, causing a drain on foreign exchange. This foreign exchange is obtained from exports, which expensive power has priced out of the market. Unlike other generation projects, which have a long lead time, the projects planned by the Punjab government are scheduled to come online by 2013, and thus will offer some relief within a comparatively briefer timeframe. Those projects, which are based on wind and solar energy, are renewable, while coal projects (based both on coal brought in from Balochistan and Malakwal) and thermal projects are non-renewable. They represent a moving in a non-traditional direction. The plans for biomass and biogas plants may yield thermal energy, but the non-traditional fuels are such that the applications do not apply just to the power sector, but to others where engines are used. Hydel is both traditional and renewable, and the Punjab is paying attention to this in the form of relatively smaller, low-head generation projects, which represent a non-traditional use of this resource in a country which has normally seen huge hydel projects executed. This effort is also receiving funds, but the funds themselves are imaginatively used. An Energy Development Fund of Rs 4 billion, and a Guarantee Fund of Rs 2 billion represent a better use of money than merely spending Rs 6 billion directly. The Guarantee Fund was particularly needed, because of the large number of projects, which need government guarantees. The Punjab government was right to let the energy and efficiency of private enterprise go its way, and not become heavy-handed and try to set up a state enterprise which would provide sinecures for the time being, but which would later be declared a white elephant. The example of Punjab should be followed by other provinces. Punjab alone is not suffering the consequences of the power crisis, nor does it have a monopoly on the resources needed. However it is crucial to remember that we are a country with a rapidly expanding population and no discernible population control programme. The electricity we are now generating to tackle the existing energy crisis is merely maintenance of the current level of demand, in the face of all the pressures this industry will face in the coming decades.