Despite the order of the International Court of Arbitration (ICA) to halt work on the Kishanganga Dam the previous year, the Indian project is not just under construction, but progressing to completion at alarming speed. Anyone associated with water disputes between India and Pakistan know that once the dams are completed, no court in the world will order them torn down. The resumption of work on Kishanganga is a strong indictment of the composite dialogue process as well, so far failing to make any progress. Pakistan’s water needs are genuine and so are its concerns about how the provisions of the IWT are being literally shredded to pieces. The time is not far when the ICA, backed by the international community will have to step in, as it did in 1948 to prevent hostilities over the water dispute.

The sane approach is to follow the IWT provisions in letter and in spirit. For Pakistani experts, the advice is to use the IWT as a tool. Its permissive provisions have been utilized with aplomb by the Indian legal team. Now it is time for Pakistan to take a leaf out of its book and put the considerable number of heavily restrictive provisions in the Treaty to good use in its own interest.