NEW DELHI - Challenges rising from Pakistan would remain the most serious security test for India over the next decade, said Naresh Chandra, chairman of the National Security Advisory Board, who is also heading a taskforce on reviewing the country’s security architecture.

Delivering the 6th RN Kao Memorial Lecture, organised by the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), Chandra said “Dealing with the security challenges from Pakistan” will be the “most serious challenge that our armed forces, intelligence and security agencies and the people as a whole have to face in the next decade or more.”

“There is a perception that our human intelligence capacity in our western neighbourhood has declined in recent years. I am sure this area is being given special attention in order to ensure that timely and accurate information is available not only to agencies responsible for counter-terrorism, but also to decision-makers for taking more informed decisions and timely action,” Chandra said.  “Our relations with China have elements of cooperation and competition at the same time.

While both of us are preoccupied with internal transformation, we will need much better communication and dialogue to avoid misunderstanding each other’s actions and motives without letting the guard down on the serious security aspects,” Chandra, a former Indian envoy to the US, said. He said the growth in various sectors in China, especially in defence production capability, requires concentration of efforts to improve Indian defence preparedness.

, much larger capacity for defence production and upgrade of our armed forces.

Chandra said it is a national security requirement that the gap in the size of the economy between China and India does not widen to a level that further increases our concerns for a balanced relationship between the two major powers in Asia.