ISLAMABAD - Pakistan Saturday vowed to take some pre-emptive measures to block the likely illegal trade of nuclear and radioactive materials en route the country by equipping the customs officials professionally with the support of Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA) to avert any future nuclear threat from the terrorists. Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) and PNRA inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to strengthen organizational cooperation between the two entities to avoid any likely nuclear mishap from the terrorists.           The MoU shall enhance enforcement capabilities of Pakistan Customs for preventing, detecting and responding to illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials. On behalf of their respective organizations, Member Customs FBR, Mahmood Alam and Member Executive PNRA, Shakil-ur-Rehman singed the MoU. Chairman FBR Abdullah Yusuf and Head of PNRA Jamshed Azim Hashmi were also present on the occasion.    In his speech, Chairman FBR said Pakistan Customs was engaged in combating commercial fraud, counterfeiting drug trafficking, money laundering, electronic crime and smuggling of arms. In addition to these challenges, the growing threat of international terrorism has now emerged as a major concern for customs administrations, which includes potential threat of smuggling of nuclear and radioactive materials, he added. "This is a common threat to all countries, including Pakistan, which has grave implication to security," Abdullah Yusuf said and added, "both FBR and PNRA recognise the need to formalise the cooperation and mutual assistance to meet possible threat of smuggling of nuclear and radioactive materials through Pakistan." Chairman FBR, Muhammad Abdullah Yusuf said that as a government department that controls and administers the international movement of goods, Pakistan Customs is in a unique position to contribute to the global trade supply chain security besides socio-economic development in Pakistan through revenue collection and trade facilitation. Yusuf also added that PNRA has the technical expertise to equip and train customs personnel for detection of radioactive and nuclear materials. Therefore, by signing this MoU, FBR and PNRA shall achieve cooperation to create an organisational framework, which was needed to effectively combat the nuclear terrorism threat, he added. It is intended to provide the framework to ensure that their illicit trafficking is prevented. He informed that Pakistan Customs has prepared an implementation plan including a Pilot Project for enforcing provisions of this MoU. "Pakistan Customs is committed to achieving the objectives of this MoU as a national responsibility," the Chairman added. Abdullah Yusuf assured that FBR would undertake all necessary measures to provide adequate training to customs personnel through PNRA for use of detection equipment so that all international entry and exit points are fully monitored at the earliest. He was confident that the MoU will go a long way in bringing security to this country and international community.     Speaking on the occasion, PNRA Chairman, Jamshed Azim Hashmi said that both FBR and PNRA would cooperate with each other to meet international obligations to combat illicit trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials. He assured all support to FBR to make the borders secure. The MoU signed between FBR and PNRA explains that the world today is facing a growing international threat of illicit trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials which present a grave hazard to national and international security. The Government of Pakistan recognizes its international obligations to join global efforts to combat threat of illicit trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials. Pakistan Customs is the primary enforcement agency at international entry and exit stations including international airports, dry ports among other Customs stations while PNRA is the national statutory nuclear regulatory authority in Pakistan entrusted with the task to regulate all aspects of application of ionizing radiations and nuclear energy in Pakistan. Therefore, the two organizations have entered into an agreement for cooperation in joint measures for detection, and subsequent management, of radioactive and nuclear materials at strategic points. The necessary detection equipment has been procured by PNRA, which would be handed over to Pakistan Customs after training of the Customs personnel. This equipment would be used by Pakistan Customs at seaports, dry ports, airports and at any other Customs station at international border or for goods in transit or in transshipment or the goods en route throughout territory of Pakistan. Under this MoU, PNRA would provide the Pakistan Customs training, technical assistance and maintenance facilities for radiation detection equipment and radiation protection, management of radioactive/contaminated consignments while both shall cooperate to manage radioactive sources/materials identified or seized/confiscated by the Pakistan Customs. It has been agreed that Pakistan Customs in association with PNRA would run a pilot project at Islamabad International Airport for comprehensive enforcement model for Customs controls including monitoring/detection of radioactive/nuclear materials. The Pakistan Customs would apply this model for effective and modern enforcement controls to all other international airports after completion of the pilot project.